Post by clarkkimberling on Aug 21, 2010 10:41:06 GMT -5
If someone were to try to identify individuals in the photo in Reply #11 of 27 Indian policemen present at the killing of Sitting Bull, it would be helpful to have a list of names. One such list is found in The Executive Document of the Senate of the United States for the First Session of the Fifty-second Congress, 1891-1892:
On page 3 there are 37 names given after the words "A BILL granting medals to certain Indian policemen...survivors of the engagement which took place at Sitting Bull's camp...":
Marcellus Chankpidutah (Red Tomahawk), second sergeant John Wambdi (Eagle Man), fifth sergeant Thomas Tunkah (Stone Man), private Louis Wahpahah (Hat), private Hugh Chetahohonko (Swift Hawk), private Luke Ptash (White Buffalo), private Alexander Hochokah (Middle), private Eugene Akichitahchigala (Little Soldier), private Joseph Brown Wolf (Brown Wolf), private Paul Hautaymaza (Iron Cedar), private John Ishnawichah (Lone Man), private Oliver Hehakawaketo (Looking Elk), private Dennis Wahpahaichu (Take the Hat), private George Iron Star (Iron Star), private Richard Runninghawk (Running Hawk), private Afraid of Hawk, special policeman White Bird, special policeman Magpie Eagle, special policeman Iron Thunder, special policeman Paints Brown, special policeman Weasel Bear, special policeman Rooster, special policeman High Eagle, special policeman Good Voiced Eagle, special policeman Red Bear, special policeman Bad Horse, special policeman Cross Bear, special policeman Black Pheasant, special policeman One Feather, special policeman Walking Shooter, special policeman Good Voice Elk, special policeman Cetanwicaste (Hawkman No. 2), special policeman Brown Man, special policeman Gabriel Waublihota (Gray Eagle) volunteer Otter Robe, volunteer Spotted Thunder, volunteer Young Eagle, volunteer
The list includes both [Martin] High Eagle and [John] Eagle Man. It also includes Walking Shooter, whose Lakota name was Waukutemani. In Waukutemani's affidavit (Reply #4 above), it is High Eagle who "had hold" of Sitting Bull to prevent him "from getting away." However, in Black Elk's account, posted as Reply #55 at
it is Eagleman who is remembered rather than Higheagle.
In James McLaughlin's December 20, 1890 account, on page 8 of the above cited Executive Documents, Eagle Man is mentioned but not High Eagle. In McLaughlin's letter of December 16 - the day after the killing of Sitting Bull - printed on pp. 9-10, in the account of the killing, neither High Eagle nor Eagle Man is mentioned.
Thank you, Dietmar and Gregor, for the recently posted photos, showing Eagle Man, High Eagle, and his son, Robert P. Higheagle.
Post by kingsleybray on Sept 2, 2010 8:35:01 GMT -5
On the parentage of Robert P. Higheagle - in the Col. A. B. Welch papers now at the Standing Rock Tribal Archives, there is a statement by Two Bulls. He said that his brothers were Bear Ribs II and High Eagle. Two Bulls is listed in High Eagle's band of Hunkpapa in the 1885 Standing Rock Rations List, and also is in the 1889 List of Hunkpapa Males at Standing Rock, in the cluster near High Eagle.
All this suggests that Bear Ribs I, the accommodationist Hunkpapa leader recognized as head chief of all the Lakota by Gen. Harney in 1856, and assassinated by non-treaty Lakotas in 1862, was the father of Bear Ribs II (born ca. 1842), Two Bulls (born ca. 1846) and High Eagle (born ca. 1843). Therefore he should be a grandfather of Robert P. Higheagle.
The band to which these men belonged was the Che-okhba or Droopy Prick band. Bear Ribs I was evidently 'brother' to Bear Face I (father of Bear Face II, Red Thunder et al. - LaDonna's Hunkpapa ancestors), of the same band, and to Running Antelope, of the related Sore Backs band.
Sorry I didn't catch this earlier - this has been a great thread.
High Eagle´s role in the Sitting Bull arrest can be seen in the drawing by Thomas Stoneman, who also was part of the police force. I tried to read the names on the painting, but couldn´t identify them all. If you can add some names, please let me know:
Post by clarkkimberling on Sept 12, 2010 16:08:45 GMT -5
Robert Higheagle referred to Lone Man as his relative, and Lone Man (John Loneman) has also been referred to as Higheagle's uncle.
In both the Campbell notes and Densmore's Teton Sioux Music, Higheagle gives substantial translations of information told to him by Lone Man. The content and tone of these paragraphs suggest that Higheagle was indeed quite close to Lone Man.
Accordingly, Lone Man fits under the title of this thread. Perhaps someone can determine exactly how Higheagle was related to Lone Man.
Following in a copy of an article in the McLaughlin Messenger, Friday, February 2, 1923, published in McLaughlin, Corson County, South Dakota. Higheagle was a longtime resident of Little Eagle in Corson County, and he resided there at the time of his death in 1938.
John Loneman Of Little Eagle Dead
Well Known Indian Passed Away Monday Aged 74. Funeral Service
John Loneman, one of the best known elder Indians of Little Eagle district, died at his home there Monday morning, aged 74 years. He had been in poor health for some time, and was seized with his last illness two months ago.
Funeral services were held Wednesday, at the Sacred Heart church, and interment made in the churchyard cemetery, which is located on the land he owned and lived on. Rev. Fr. Vincent of McLaughlin, officiated at the services which were largely attended.
John Loneman was among the Indians who from his youth saw better things in civiization [sic] than the old way of living. In early manhood he joined the Sanding [sic] Rock police force, and was promoted to the position of sergeant and later captain of police by Major James McLaughlin, who was then Indian agent.
He was a member of the Indian police force that killed Sitting Bull in 1890. He was a leader among his race and always stood for what he considered right and justice.
along with Lone Man's account of The White Buffalo Calf Pipe from pages 63-66 of Densmore, "recorded in the words of the interpreter, Mr. Robert P. Higheagle." Possibly this is the longest published piece of Higheagle's writing.
The image of Lone Man in Densmore matches the image shown at the previously mentioned webpage. Can someone identify the photographer? The image resembles a photo of Lone Man taken by Frank Bennett Fiske, indexed as 0086-0599 in the State Historical Society of North Dakota.
The webpage states that Lone Man died in April 1918, but this may be a mistake. What was the source of this date?
Please don't think I am crazy, I'm a very mature (old) woman who has always wished that I was from Native American decent. Yesterday, I spoke with a medium (see you are starting to think I am nuts). She said I had an Indian guide, he was of the Lakota tribe. She couldn't understand what his name was but said I could refer to him as Kota. Getting on line, I saw Eddie Plenty Holes, there seems to be some spiritual connection with this gentleman. Can you give me any information on him. Sorry to be a bother but I would like to find out more about him. Thank you for any information you may provide. JW
Post by clarkkimberling on Nov 13, 2010 10:04:06 GMT -5
Copied below is the letter Robert P. Higheagle wrote to James McLaughlin, dated November 28, 1921.
At that time, McLaughlin (1842-1923) was a United States Indian Inspector living in Washington, D.C., but during Higheagle's youth, McLaughlin was the Indian Agent at Standing Rock Reservation.
It is clear from the letter that Higheagle and McLaughlin had known each other during those years.
The letter is significant in several ways. For example, it places Higheagle's birth year as 1876, but reminds us that "an Indian does not care to tell his age." In other places, Higheagle recorded his year of birth as 1874, and in others, 1875. Several published accounts have "c.1873".
The letter is one of several over the years that Higheagle wrote expressing his strong desire to leave teaching and to become a farmer.
Perhaps in greater detail than any other, this letter records Higheagle's experience in the Outing System during his student years, which took him to Massachusetts and Connecticut.
1. McLaughlin was 79 years old when this letter was written. It seems doubtful that he was in a position to advance Higheagle's interest in becoming a farmer.
2. Higheagle tactfully mentions McLaughlin's well known book, My Friend the Indian, published in 1910. For more on McLaughlin, visit
Post by clarkkimberling on Nov 20, 2010 12:06:34 GMT -5
Here is a copy of a photo showing Martin High Eagle, father of Robert P. Higheagle, in the middle of the back row. The ten men are identified on back of the photo, as shown below the photo.
Identity of the photo:
A7270 Studio Portrait of Indian Agent and Native Americans, Fort Yates, North Dakota. Photographer: Frank Bennett Fiske. Judge Zahn Collection, State Historical Society of North Dakota. Used by permission.
Can someone estimate the date of this photo and tell us the full names, including Lakota, of these men?