Post by akhummingbird on Feb 12, 2009 3:58:00 GMT -5
In Frances Chamberlain Holley's "Once Their Home..." she give a biographic sketch of my great great grandmother Wambdi Autepewin/Eagle Woman Who All Look At/ Matilda Galpin. Per an interview with Eagle Woman, she states that she (Eagle Woman) WAS THE YOUNGEST OF EIGHT CHILDREN. Her father was Two Lance of the Two Kettle tribe - born sometime in the mid-late 1700s.
I am trying to figure out who were Eagle Woman's 7 brothers and sisters.
In John S Gray's article "Matilda Galpin - Sioux Herione..."Spring 1986...he writes that Eagle Woman's mother Rosy Light of Dawn (Hunkpapa granddaughter of Iron Horn) had a son also named Two Lance. And later the article says "White Hawk, another brother of Mrs. Galpin, as a subchief of the Two Kettle band..."
The Holley book says "According to her nephew, Four Bears..."
Who was Four Bears (Two Kettle)'s father?
Finally, I have seen the Picotte family tree by Father Mahon(? forgot his name at the moment) lists 3 children by Two Lance (Sr.) = Eagle Woman Who All Look At, Two Lance (II) and Two Hawks.
In summary, so far I have Two Lance (Sr.) married to at least 2 women: Rosy Light of Dawn (Hunkpapa) and Iron Woman.
Two Lance fathered 8 children: Two Lance (II) Two Hawks White Hawk Eagle Woman Who All Look At ? ? ? ?
Post by kingsleybray on Feb 16, 2009 5:37:11 GMT -5
Thanks Barbara for your information and inquiry. I have some background information on Two Lance that I hope will be of interest.
The older Two Lance (Wahukeza Nompa) was probably born no later than the 1760s. He is mentioned in a tradition collected by E.S. Curtis at Cheyenne River about 1907, and printed in vol. 3, The Teton Sioux, of Curtis's 30 volume set THE NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN. Sometime about the 1790s traders visited the Miniconjou-Sans Arc village in "the eastern forest" and persuaded a deputation of four headmen to visit their headquarters - I feel sure this must be the British trading post at Michilimackinac. The headmen were three Miniconjou - Thunder Hoop, Cut Ear, and Two Lance - and a Sans Arc, whose name was not recalled. At this time the Two Kettle were not an independent tribal division, but one of the Miniconjou sub-bands. They formed part of the Broken Arrow (Wanhin Wega) band. Two Lance was representing this band.
About thirty years later we have a contemporary reference to Two Lance. On July 5, 1825 leaders of the Oglala and "Sioune" divisions of Lakota signed the Atkinson-O'Fallon Treaty with the USA near the mouth of Bad River (opposite modern Pierre, SD). "Sioune" or Saone was a name used in those days covering several of the northern Teton divisions - in this treaty it means the Miniconjous (still including Two Kettles) and Sans Arcs. Six Saone chiefs signed first, of whom no. 6 is named as
"Tow-cow-sa-no-pa, the Two Lance"
This is your great-great-great-grandfather again. He was still representing the Broken Arrow band, now as its chief. Three "warriors" (leading members of the akichita, or warrior societies) also signed the Saone treaty. No Heart ("Chan-ta-wah-nee-cha, the No Heart") was the warrior signing for the Broken Arrow band. By 1832 when George Catlin visited the Lakota villages at Fort Pierre, No Heart was noted as the chief of the band.
Two Lance must have been in his sixties by the time of the Treaty of 1825. It is the last appearance he makes in the record, but the fact that he was prominent right through this period ca. 1790-1830 makes it clear that he was a very important leader.
It is significant that Four Bears is mentioned as the nephew of your great-great-grandmother. He is the Two Kettle leader who gave the above story to Curtis - and yes, Dietmar, he is the Joseph Four Bears mentioned elsewhere. His father was also called Four Bears, and I assume from your information that the older Four Bears married a daughter of old Two Lance. In the period beginning 1840, when the Two Kettle division becomes an independent tribal group, the older Four Bears is regularly named as one of the main chiefs of the group. Incidentally, according to Josephine Waggoner, Four Bear's band (tiyoshpaye) was called the Oiglapta - it means something like 'they eat everything up'.
I have some information on the younger Two Lance too, which I'll try and pull together for you. It really is exciting to be able to use this forum to share our information and pool together new facts about the Lakota people of the past
Post by akhummingbird on Feb 18, 2009 3:26:20 GMT -5
Ah - thank you Kingsley - I was hoping you would weigh in - you are always a great source of history/Sioux information! Did Dietmar share with you a photo I posted at the Oyate discussion site? (see oyate1.proboards58.com/index.cgi?board=pictures&action=display&thread=1904 ) I do not know for certain the identities of the two Indians, but my hypothesis is that one of them is Joseph Four Bears. Joseph Four Bears and Pretty Bear were both members of the Fool Soilders - do you know if they were related?
I found Two Lance on the Wounded Knee list Wounded Knee list The following partial list is a sample of what was compiled by Richard E. Jensen and first published in “Big Foot’s Followers at Wounded Knee” in Nebraska History Quarterly, Winter 1990, Vol. 71, No. 4.
“K” indicates Killed “W” indicates Wounded but survived “S” indicates Survived without injury
Post by emilylevine on Jan 15, 2011 12:36:23 GMT -5
I've only seen Eagle Woman's mother's name as given in English: Rosy Light of Dawn Waggoner says her name was Iyošawiŋ... Red something Woman... something to do with Mouth? Does anyone have more info about this?
She also lists a brother of Eagle Woman as Hehakaka. Elk---but not sure what the final ka signifies. She writes that this person drown in the Cheyenne River when he was very young.
Mrs. Matilda Galpin/Eagle Woman allowed at least three of her daughters to be educated in St. Louis at a convent. While there, the girls boarded with my ggg-grandfather David Haney's family. Eagle Woman went to St. Louis at least once to visit her daughters. It was said when Eagle Woman was in St. Louis she once got lost, so sat down on a street corner until someone in the family found her.
I have been very interested in the daughters of Eagle Woman for many years. I'd like to share my notes with you.
I may be late to this party, but figure I will toss out some inquiries.
My gr-gr-grandmother is Howapelutewin (Red Woman? Red Fin?). She was married to Joseph Goudreau. They had 4 children, including my gr grandfather, Sam Goudreau. One of the daughters was Annie Goudreau, who married had been married two of Major McLaughlin's sons. In any event, I have seen her listed as the niece of Alma Galpin Parkin, and grand daughter of Matilda Parkin - Eagle Woman. (I think/hope I have the Galpin/Parkin names correct.) In any event, based on lineage, somehow Howapelutewin would be related to Alma Parkin (would have to be sisters, if Alma is Annie's aunt) and either the daughter of Two Lance or Eagle Woman. Any thoughts anyone?