Good morning everyone...hope your weather is moderating towards spring...
One of my research projects at the moment points me in the direction of He Nupa Wanica (No Two Horns) later known as Joseph No Two Horns. Most of his artwork, horse memorial sticks, shields, and pictographs are at the State Historical Society of North Dakota and Mark Halvorson is sending requested images and documents. While I wait for that material to show I'd like to know if anyone in the group has done independent research on No Two Horns - both his life and his art. I have the Wooley & Horse Capture article from the Summer 1993 American Indian Art Magazine and the CD from the SHSND.
Rod: When I worked at Ft. Berthold I met a man (no name without his permission) who was half Mandan and half Hunkpapa. He told me his grandfather was He Nupin Wanica (not two, but nupin = both [without both horns]. He said Without Both Horns's mother was a full blood French woman. I asked him if he meant Metis and he said no. i will check my notes, but I think he said WBH had a crippled hand, the result of his warrior exploits. Toksta (later) LouieG
Louie, thanks...the only "auto-biography" and even "biography" of authenticity is one recorded by him in the 1920s or thereabouts. I won't know for sure until the SHSND materials arrive and that could still yet be awhile. In any case, I'll listen for such indications on the SHSND CD where his story is recorded.
"No Two Horns" ---"Without Both Horns" Makes perfect sense to me.
Hope all is well and look forward to hearing what is in your notes...
Ah this is the story told to me by Zona Loans Arrow No Two Horn's granddaughter. She says that his mother had red hair, and was a white woman and Red hail moved his camp away from his people because the other women would pick on his wife for being white.
Post by rodthomas on Sept 20, 2011 15:34:14 GMT -5
LaDonna, thanks...I received the transcript of her interview with the staff at the SHSND and she related the same story. She also said he had arthritis in his hands and they were not frostbit nor wounded in battle.
Zona was someone is who I visited a lot before she died and spent time listening to her stories about her family. She also gave me some writing of her life before she died i have not had the time to look over then.
Last Edit: Sept 22, 2011 8:57:17 GMT -5 by ladonna