Indian boarding schools are a sad and often traumatic, but important part of American Indian history. I start this new category with some photographs of Indian students at Hampton Normal & Agricultural Institute.
For general information about Hampton please take a look here:
I think the date on the first Hampton photo is 1881. Josephine McCarthy (Waggoner) is still wearing moccasins, so I think it would be just after her arrival from Standing Rock Agency, ND in October 1881.She would be forced to trade her own clothes and wear the uniform and leather shoes. She was a group of five girls and five boys from Standing Rock brought by Lieut. George LeRoy Brown and Marie Louise McLaughlin, Major McLaughlin's wife. The students in the party were: Baptise Gabe, Louis Agard, Jr.,Frank Black Hawk,(Cetan Sapa) Joseph Archambault (Tiaokasin (Looks Into the Lodge), Takise (White Cow), Wakau-mane, Hehaka_Arilya (Yellow Elk), and Fidelia Waling Medicine and Topala, and Noge Wanichi (Jennie No Ears). Note: I don't know Baptise Gabe's Lakota name, I have only seen it as "Bacis." (Source: Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, October 31, 1881; Report to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington DC from S.C. Armstrong, Principal (Samuel Chapman Armstrong)
I have not yet found any definite proof, however I think it likely that the boy standing second from left is Kawhat (Bow Legs) aka Thomas Suckley, brother of White Breast, who is standing behind him with hand on Kawhat´s shoulder. he was 12 years old when he entered Hampton Institute.
The boy sitting far left could be Thomas Smith aka No Wa-tesh, a half-blood Hidatsa, age 15.
Last Edit: Sept 10, 2017 16:26:53 GMT -5 by Dietmar