Alex Charging Crow Adams mentions in his texts a winter count entry for an unknown year, which he names “ the famous Winter of Surrounding the Village.” I am trying to put a year to this, but none of the Oglala winter counts I have on file have a similar entry.
Not definitive, but given other evidence I believe it should be in the 1860s, perhaps between 1860-1865. Two major instances that may link to it are: (1) First Battle of Arrow Creek in 1863, when Oglalas, Miniconjous, and Cheyennes attacked a Crow village in present-day Montana, (2) Siege of Julesburg in 1865, when Cheyennes, Arapahos, and southern Oglalas attacked the town of Julesburg in present-day Colorado. I don’t think it refers to the attacks on/near the Bozeman Trail forts in the latter part of the 1860s.
Since Charging Crow was a northern Oglala I don’t believe he referred to the Julesburg fight. My feeling is that it’s 1863, the year of the Arrow Creek Battle, but am hoping someone here may have a better clue. Any suggestions are welcome.
Post by kingsleybray on Jul 27, 2020 10:22:29 GMT -5
carlo, I don't think there's any doubt that Alex Adams was referring to the First Battle of Arrow Creek in 1863. Amos Bad Heart Bull's description of the battle mentions that it "is also sometimes designated as 'Defending the Tent' (Tiyonajin Wicayapi) because . . . . the Crows set up their lodges as a barricade and thus defended their camp." (Bad Heart Bull & Blish, PICTOGRAPHIC HISTORY OF THE OGLALA SIOUX, p. 126.)
Yes indeed, that was why I figured it referred to the same fight, but wasn’t fully sure as ‘surrounding the village’ is not necessarily identical to ‘defending the tents’. I agree this is the best (only) option, so will stick with 1863!