Post by Mitchell BigHunter on Apr 10, 2020 14:37:12 GMT -5
From the book dakota grammar, txts, ethnography. i dont know if accurate or when they made this book. but interesting. i heard the bdewakontonwun tribe where the oldest of the Dakota? but im not sure. has anyone heard anything of this?
Post by Mitchell BigHunter on Apr 18, 2020 1:17:55 GMT -5
From History net. by Gregory Michno. I did not know, is this correct?
The Battle of the Little Bighorn, fought on the banks of the river of that name in Montana Territory in June 1876, is the most often discussed fight of the Indian wars. It has been said that we will never know what happened there because there were no survivors. That is nonsense. There were thousands of survivors. The Indians clearly told us what happened. We need only to listen to what they said.
There are also many misconceptions about Lt. Col. George A. Custer and the 7th Cavalry, among them being that Custer had long yellow hair and that he and his regiment carried sabers into the battle. In reality, Custer’s hair was cut short, and the regiment left its sabers behind.
An examination of 10 of the major myths about the Battle of the Little Bighorn follows. The first two myths are widely held fallacies that do not require Indian testimony to discredit; the last eight myths are largely discredited by eyewitness accounts of those on the winning side.
Pulled from the koda (friend) keoghs page in Sioux accounts of battle of little big horn. little bighorn associates message board, Zahn Frances narrative.
“Grey Track“ (Rumor about who killed Custer)
ALL YELLOW talks to Welch, December 30, 1925:
Oye-correct spelling , Track,Tracking,Footprint definition. He also said that the man who killed General Custer was named Ajemakasan (White Track). He was half Sisseton and Half Hunkpati and All Yellow insisted in calling him a wicheyelo. He said that he never came back to the United States but died in Canada, and that he dressed up in Custer’s clothes, and had a revolver which belonged to Custer, but that he threw that away.
I do not take any stock in this story – W.
This is from Idonna's update for one of her tribe affiliations on this site, Under yanktonais: This is what i know
My family call ourselves Ihunktonwana-Little End Dwellers
From my families history of who we are it was always said we come from the "Burnt Wood" band on my great great NapeHotaWin side.
I never seen anyone who ever posted anything about the band before.
We are also called Wiciyelo which translate-
"They want sometime".
Hunkpatina-They live at the end village
Corroboration of above Custer Story,
Frances Zahn, half blood, educated, to Welch, April 21st, 1926. Indian name is Makhpia kin yapi (Floating Cloud):
This young man called on me today at Mandan. He was returning from a visit to his relatives on the Fort Totten Reservation, and while there heard that a woman knew who killed Custer. So he drove out to her place. She was a large woman, Isanti, and her name is Mrs. Big Shoulder. She told Zahn that her father was the man who killed Custer. His name, as given by Zahn, is Oyehota – and he translated it as ‘Gray Track.’ She said that he belonged to the Isanti and came from wooded Mountain country. They often called him Inkpaduta (Scarlet End or Point) and thought he was a relative of the renegade of that name. He was in the fighting and came back with a sorrel horse and saddle, which was identified as that ridden by Custer. In the swirl of the fight he shot at this man two times and thinks that he killed him as he fell then. He did not have long curls but did have on a buckskin coat and fired with a white handled revolver.
Compared with the story of All Yellow, this seems to bear it out, and may be the real story of Custer’s death. He died in Canada two years ago, being afraid to ever come back to the United States.
From the book "indian views of the custer fight" Also a narrative from His Holy Pipe,Tthat a Grey Earth Track killed Custer ://books.google.ca/books?id=QM_R7y5tAoIC&pg=PA183&lpg=PA183&dq=santee+killed+custer&source=bl&ots=EEJ1gOfwgC&sig=ACfU3U1A2j-AvNqHZIEtKdYV-uweQNjVLQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjYgMz-lvPoAhXHKs0KHfWQDV8Q6AEwBnoECA8QKQ#v=onepage&q=santee%20killed%20custer&f=true
Here is a miniconjou lakota red horse story of what he heard. he painted all the battle pictures from the battle, but this is an interesting for the santee tribe. i dont think he would have said something like that if he didn't believe it, or eles his pictures would be discredited too i would think. But pretty cool story. i just keep finding them and the storys are believable depending on the research i did. The officers point of view, while they watched. the same first group that left the reno fight to go after Custer. i think ehanamani was right on who went after Custer. but i found good info in this book. im sure the author has done his research. "The strategy of the defeat at the battle of little big horn, A military and timing analysis of the battle. Fredric c. Wagner III"
Couple pages from the soldiers timeline Wagner wrote. sure looks like the warriors that left the Reno fight knew how Custer looked.
-Red Horse- Among the soldiers was an officer who rode a horse with four white feet. [This officer was evidently Capt. French, Seventh Cavalry.] The Sioux have for a long time fought many brave men of different people, but the Sioux say this officer was the bravest man they had ever fought. I don't know whether this was Gen. Custer or not. Many of the Sioux men that I hear talking tell me it was. I saw this officer in the fight many times, but did not see his body. It has been told me that he was killed by a Santee Indian, who took his horse. This officer wore a large-brimmed hat and a deerskin coat. This officer saved the lives of many soldiers by turning his horse and covering the retreat. Sioux say this officer was the bravest man they ever fought. I saw two officers looking alike, both having long yellowish hair.
Before the attack the Sioux were camped on the Rosebud river. Sioux moved down a river running into the Little Bighorn river, crossed the Little Bighorn river, and camped on its west bank.
This day [day of attack] a Sioux man started to go to Red Cloud agency, but when he had gone a short distance from camp he saw a cloud of dust rising and turned back and said he thought a herd of buffalo was coming near the village.
This is apparently Renos testimony after the battle of little big horn, 1879—RCOI, Friday, 7Feb1879; Saturday, 8Feb1879.
From Ford A, down the valley, to Reno’s timber—
15. As he moved down the valley, Reno realized there were even more Indians and he brought the third company into line. 
• Reno was out front, maybe about 40 paces, and a little to the right. 
16. Except for 3 or 4, the Indian scouts had run.  [Reno’s numbers are a little off here.]
17. By the time the third company had moved into line, they were moving at a gallop. 
• Reno did not consider this a charge. 
18. Reno saw 40 or 50 Indians to his front. He described them as decoys. 
• He saw no Indians driving ponies. “Every pony I saw had an Indian on him.” 
19. As they got farther down valley, Reno saw Indians coming out of a ravine. [561-562]
• The ravine was about 800 or 900 yards in front when he spotted it. 
• There were times—going down the valley—when Reno could not see the village. 
• I wonder if this ravine was one of the dry river courses that seemed so common.
• “It was afterward developed that if I had gone 2- or 300 yards further I should have thrown my command into a ditch 10 yards wide and 3 or 4 feet deep.” 
20. Reno ordered the battalion to dismount. 
• Hodgson told G, Reno told A and M. 
21. Reno said he saw 500 to 600 Indians, but he also had an idea of how many there could be from what he saw along the trails. 
• The dust on the trails they had been following was sometimes 4 to 6 inches deep and there were several other trails showing numbers of animals had moved along them. 
• Reno also said the trails got larger as they continued up the Rosebud. 
22. There were many Indians to Reno’s front, but he also saw small parties of warriors moving around his left. 
23. Reno was with Moylan on the skirmish line. They were there for 15 or 20 minutes “when word came to me from out of the timber that the Indians were turning our right.” 
• Reno left Hodgson on the line with instructions to let Reno know what was going on there, and Reno took Company G “to the banks of the river.” 
• When he got there Reno could see many scattering tepees. 
• Reno felt the Indians were using the woods as well as he, sheltering themselves and creeping up on him. 
24. Reno then rode back out to the skirmish line. He did not see where some of the firing was coming from. 
25. Hodgson told Reno the Indians were moving beyond the troops’ left flank and Reno ordered him to bring the skirmish line in along the edge of the timber. [562-563]
26. Reno claimed no one ever told him Custer had been spotted on the bluffs. 
27. Reno had no idea the amount of ammunition each man had or was supposed to have. He found out from the company commanders.  [This is an amazing statement, if true.]
• The Recorder brought out the fact that the ammunition Custer ordered to be carried—100 rounds of carbine—was a general order in this type of expedition. 
• Reno replied that he did not know if Custer’s order had been complied with.  [Rather weak!]
28. In leaving the timber, Reno instructed Hodgson to tell French, while Reno told Moylan and McIntosh. They were instructed to mount their men and bring them to the edge of the timber. 
29. Reno stood there for 10 minutes while the troops were forming in a column-of-fours. [563 and 587]
30. Reno left the woods with the intention of trying to re-unite the regiment. He believed the “regiment had evidently scattered or someone would have sent [him] an order or come to aid [him].” 
31. Indian numbers were increasing, especially in the woods and brush along the right bank.  [See Gibbon’s testimony about the brush along the river’s right bank.]
32. When Bloody Knife was killed, Reno rode out to Moylan to see if the troops were ready to go. 
• Orders to leave the timber had been given prior to Bloody Knife’s death. [564-565]
• Reno lost his straw hat in the bottoms. 
Retreat from the timber to the arrival on Reno Hill—
33. Reno estimated 600 to 900 Indians to his left and rear when he moved out of the timber. 
• There were plenty more between Reno’s men and the village. 
• They were also in force across the river. 
34. The formation was a column-of-fours, A leading, G in the middle, and M in the rear.  [That does not seem right.]
35. Reno led, the gait was rapid. 
36. Reno said the men crossed the river rapidly, throwing the rear of the column into some confusion. He stopped there for a moment. 
37. Reno testified that he believed Custer’s command was all dead by the time he left the woods.  [Of course he did not realize that at the time.]
this book coincides with Renos testimony he used all Dakota Lakota narratives. he is a Lakota from pine ridge, and lived at standing rock where some of the descendants live from the battle of little big horn. Dr. Allen Ross (EHANAMANI) " Crazy Horse and the Real Reason for the Battle of little Big Horn". the pages are not in order. but you can read this book at Open library.org. it has all of charles a eastman. (OHIYESA) books. most of them.
Another thing i found many more narratives of him and his twin brother were the warriors that killed him, along many many others including the last man and lt Harrington so it is believable all the evidence is here just never brought to light really. i dont know why. many Lakota state this. why give it to the Santee if its not true. everything this i found on my great great unka. no way he was going to return to the united states to be killed. his cousin returned and they shot him on the spot while smoking his pipe. this narrative is in the book. looking through the Dakota eyes a Dakota narrative of 1862.
p.s im just trying to tell his story a history that should be told what an exiled warrior has done to honor his family and oyate. and a real hero for all natives. much love to all. and also if anyone else find narratives of them in any part of the path please help me tell the Santee side as it is not well known today.
BATTLE PHASE TWO.
Here is a narrative of inkpadutas twin son's killing the last man. Written By Captain john S. Poland at standing rock reservation.
Post by Mitchell BigHunter on Apr 20, 2020 5:06:01 GMT -5
his face was on the papers back then. im sure the santee had access to the news paper. it from the help on there missionary help. wa'ste day photo. keyapi bloody knife, the one pointing to the paper. but not sure just what they say. according to the internet. There is a big story to this but i think its a good narrative. they say grey tracking was wounded and tracking white earth was not. i think they got sounds the ground as he walks aka noisy walker mixed up with grey earth track, it is a good story though but another narrative of grey earth track. he must have had a big part of the wars that the santee dont know about.
Post by Mitchell BigHunter on Apr 20, 2020 6:51:06 GMT -5
THIS IS FROM AN ARTICLE, GUNS OF THE OLD WEST. but they researched the dark handled pistols in custers picture.
The brace of revolvers we can see in that gun rack appear to be plated S&W Model 2 revolvers. I see this as significant because, in 1869, Custer received a beautiful cased pair of .32-caliber S&W Model 2 revolvers, acid-etched with floral designs, silver plated and stocked with mother-of-pearl grips from his admirer, business tycoon John B. Sutherland. Assuming the pair of pistols in the rack are the same, and assuming they are in the rack rather than their fitted case because Custer shot them, why wouldn’t he have shot his Colt Model 1861s, too?
The nearly identical American scrollwork that covers virtually ever surface of each pistol was presumed to be the work of master engraver L.D. Nimschke. There is no record to support this, but the style and execution strongly suggest it. The hand-carved, high-relief patriotic eagle and shield grips may have been provided by the Colt factory. I could find no shipping information from the Colt factory in the museum’s records. However, the serial numbers of these pistols (“13511 P” and “13514 P”) put them among a group of Navy Colts made in 1863 and specially polished and set aside for embellishment.
It is believed the “P” indicated at that time that the pistols were highly polished. The cylinders of these pistols seems to have been left free of the usual roll-engraved battle scene. However, the parallel lines that frame a border around the serial number are clearly evident on the cylinder of revolver #13514.
Of the two revolvers, #13514 is in significantly better cosmetic condition. Revolver #13511 has a lot more pitting on the barrel. The gold plating in the triggerguard area and inner grip frame is more worn. Its cylinder is virtually devoid of gold plating. It also seems to have more grip wear on the high points of the eagle’s talon below the shield and his outward wing. This makes me wonder if #13511 was fired more than its mate. Both pistols have good barrels with crisp rifling. If they were shot, their barrels were well cleaned.
The accessories fitted into the velvet-lined case, as well as the case itself, are in very good condition with little damage. I didn’t detect obvious signs of serious moisture damage to the case or accoutrements. The bullets had the usual light white corrosion one finds on old bullets. The silver-plated powder flask was tarnished and showed some light discoloration. The paper cartridge boxes and metal cap tin appeared to be in excellent condition. The set also includes a nipple wrench and a silver-plated dual bullet mold that matches the bullets in the set. The key to the case lock was lost long before it got to the Frazier History Museum.
A Curious Path
Readers will notice that the right side of each grip frame was smoothed down. In addition, holes were made for mounting a dedication plaque. Because these reportedly gold plaques are missing, exactly who gave these exceptional (and expensive) revolvers to Custer is lost to history. Collector lore says they were absent from the grips when the revolvers were sold. They are reportedly removed by Custer’s wife to keep as mementos. Their location remains unknown. Secondary records in the museum files suggest the plaques were removed to avoid embarrassment to the family at having to sell such an important ancestral heirloom. Knowing how Custer’s wife dedicated the rest of her life to protecting her husband’s reputation, this is at least as plausible as them being stolen or lost. However, secondary sources suggest that Libby Custer was in good financial shape thanks to the publication of her books.
remington revolvers history
The Interesting History of Remington Revolvers From the 1850s-1870s
Unfortunately, the museum’s files had no originating documentary provenance for the pistols. I could find no bill of sale from the family to the original buyer, nor any indication of the exact date the transfer took place. Without the plaques to authenticate Custer’s ownership, we are left only with a long trail of private collector provenance. Evidence suggests the first buyer, famed Philadelphia arms and accoutrements dealer W. Stokes Kirk, obtained the pistols in the early 1920s. He died on January 26, 1926. He was about seven years younger than Libby Custer, who lived in New York City at the time of her death in 1933.
I hope we can find out more about Oyemakasan. Is the drawing a historic portrait?
I´m sure you know that he second picture was painted by Karl Bodmer.
Hey sorry for late reply the drawing is from Indian boyhood, Charles a Eastman. his first book signed" with oye hota " it was published the same year his uncle died 1902. Im not sure when it was drawn but according to Charles writings he saw him in 1892 - 1896. and he said he was glad he gets to see him before he dies.
yes finally did some research on the picture drew by karl bodmer.
I hope we can find out more about Oyemakasan. Is the drawing a historic portrait?
I´m sure you know that he second picture was painted by Karl Bodmer.
these two are from his books, Indian boyhood and wigwam evenings. same symbol to identify him. what do you think?
from the Lakota museum, a Sioux rep, sent me this. The image on the horse is one I have seen many times. It commonly is seen on the toe of some quilled moccasins and also on the four matching beaded circles on a tipi with alternating red, then yellow circles with the center having a quilled dangle or a black horse hair drop, which represents the Thunder Being).
hau wa'ste info.
These two same similar drawings on the teepees. and the one on the white teepee a red point and some weird symbol above it, idk what. but does not look random to me. what do you think? its a message i know that but what does it say. i know that big red circle could be death and that one figure looks like a soldier with a sword. I think thats how they identified them drew them with swords.? and they the two with a spear and a rifle. and then the red point and looks like two dogs. does anyone point me in the right direction.
A page from old Indian days. the real definition is shooters among the leaves. To easy of a mistake for a Dakota speaker, but why hide it? but we all know why the bad was only told. but very interesting. he left a hidden real story. just have to put it all together. there are more too..
Post by Mitchell BigHunter on May 14, 2020 13:27:39 GMT -5
check out this interesting story. from the st. Paul daily globe, Wednesday April 10, 1878.
A SCOUT I N SITTING BULL'S CAMP.
Supplies Received by the Great Warrior's Band from the Poplar River Agency-A Plethora of Ammunition on Hand'Incidents of the Custer Fight. BISMAB K, Dakota, April 5.Chris Gilson, a well-known Bismarker, has returned from a long sco ut in Sitting Bull's territory. left Fort Eeogh about Christmas, and on ac count of a Crow Indian story that the ice would not let him cross the Missouri river, changed his route from the course of the Musselshell river to the safe line, via Helena. From Helena he went to Benton, and from Benton he marched to Fort Walsh. was then in easy reach of Sitting Bull's camp. visited the camp and was pleasantly re- ceived. found the old veteran surround by four hundred and seventy-five lodges, with nothing to eat except what food was re ceived from Poplar river and Wolf Point Indian agencies, through friendly or thrifty Indians. War Eagle's camp was some thirty-five miles distant. About the middle of March two hundred ponies,packed with provisions, arrived at Sitting Bull's camp, a similar relief brigade arriving at War Eagle's. These supplies were sent in by the Yanktons, of the Poplar river agency. The ammunition trade is thrivin g, and the Indians are anxious for "he ap cartridges Gilson reports that he was a guest of Sitting Bull, and the old man treated him as such, giving him his confidence on the Custer fight, and his personal dread of assassination. Sitting Bull doesn't fear a Brutus from within, bnt fancies the whole world on the outside so hates him that some white fanatic may find the gates ajar and break the golden bowl before he has a chance for self defense. Over a cup of very black coffee Gilson and Sitting Bull discussed the Custer fight. Gilson talks Sioux and requires no interpreter or frontier page to introduce him to any great chief of that nationality. is a man of nerve sufficient to slide down a church steeple. His presence in the hostile camp is explicable on that theory. Sitting Bull said he was forced to fight Custer or lose his camp. did not recognize the American Murat, or any other chief in his command. The last men killed were two officers and a first sergeant. The sergeant is described as a man with a large scar on his neck, and as a hero that commanded the admiration of the chiefs. fought so desperately that the chie fs yell ed to the young men to ta ke him alive. killed five Indians, and was then killed himself. Sitting Bull said he was too brave to kill, bnt they couldn't help it There was no other alternative. They had to de- stroy him to save themselves. Sitting Bull id no shooting. was present, but Long Dog, War Eagle and Little Knife commanded, After the Custer massacre they were attacked by more soldiers, and they fought them until their ammunition was short. They lost mom men in the second, or reno fight, than in the one with Custer. Sittmg BuU denies that he is a chief. He is a leading spirit, whose counsel and advice are of great weight. He is willing to return home, bnt wants some such guarantees as are written in the Declaration of Independence. The NexPerces also talk of returning. They want to see Miles, who, in their mind, was sent into the country to settle all Indian difficulties. M. TKBBT.
Post by Mitchell BigHunter on Jun 2, 2020 14:07:25 GMT -5
MINNEAPOLIS TRIBUNE, FRIDAY EVENING SEPTEMBER 8. 1876 CUSTER'S BUTCHER, Tho Blood-CURDLING Story of an EyeWitness. The ENTIRE Command Slaughtered in 48 Minutes, Six Soldier Prisoners Burned at the Stake, An Interesting Description of Sitting Bull, One of tho most wonderful narratives which ever fell from human lips is that told to the Pioneer-Press and Tribune of this morning, by a trapper named Ridgeley, and whose parents reside in tho town of Brunswick, a short distance above Anoka. Ridgeley is well known by some of tho most responsible citizens of this city, and they describe him as a man whoso statements can be relied on implicitly. For over two years Ridgeley has been a trapper on tho plains and in tho Yellowstone country, and nothing had been heard of him until ho returned yesterday, and related his wonderful experience to a number of friends, among whom is Mr. Hall McCleave, of the firm of Warner & McCleave,undertakers and furniture dealers. HOW THE ATTACK WAS MADE. Ridgeley says that while the Indians stood ready for the attack, many of them clambered on the side hills overhanging Custer's line of March down the Rosebud. The Indian camp was divided by a bluff or ridge, the front of which ran well down toward the Rosebud, and in the direction of tho available fords on the river. The Indians had crossed the river to camp by this ford, and Custer had followed their trail down to the water's edge. From this point of observation there were only about twenty-five teepees visible to General Custer, but there were seventy-five double teepees behind the bluff, where they could not be seen by the white soldiers. Custer attacked tho smaller village and was immediately met by a force of 1,500 or 2,000 Indians in regular order of battle, and every movement was made in military precision. RIdgeley" days he stood on the side of a hill, where he had a complete view of the battle ground, which was not more than a mile and a half distant. Custer began the fight in a ravine near the ford, and fully one-half of the command seemed to be unhorsed at tho first fire. Then the soldiers retreated toward a hill in the rear, and were shot down on the way with astonishing rapidity—the commanding officer falling from his horse in tho middle of the engagement, which commenced at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, and did not last more than forty-five minutes altogether. A GHASTLY SIGHT. After the massacre of Custer's force, tho Indians returned to camp with six soldiers as prisoners, and delirious with joy over their success. These poor men were tied to stakes at a wood-pile in the village around the point of the hill, and all burned to death, the bodies dropping to the earth a blackened roasted and hideous mass. While the flames were torturing them to death, little Indian boys fired red-hot arrows into their quivering flesh, and the terrible "amusement" was continued until each of the unfortunate victims of sav- age barbarity had fallen a corpse. Ridgeley says tho sight was so awful and horrifying that it never can be erased from his memory. Sitting Bull was met after the fight, and remarked that "he had killed many soldiers and one damned general, but he did not know who ho was," evidently meaning Custer. Then tho squaws armed themselves with knives, and proceeding to the field of battle, robbed tho dead of clothing, trinkets and valuables, and mutilated the bodies in a manner too shocking and sickening for description, but which may be imagined from tho accounts heretofore published. RENO'S FIGHT ON THE HILLS. While tho six soldiers were being burned, the Indians turned their attention to another force attacking the lower end of the village, and this was undoubtedly tho force of Major Reno. Ridgeley says that Custer's command had been slaughtered before a shot had been fired at the force under command of Reno, while attacking tho lower end of the camp. Tho Indians returned to the camp in tho evening, and said that tho "men on the hill had fought like tho devil," but Ridgeley says they did not make any statement of their loss in either of the fights. The Indians said that the soldiers on tho hill had been driven back twice, and then they "piled up stone in front of them," and tho Indian attack proved unsuccessful, THE ROASTED PRISONERS. Tho white soldiers were kept burning, and subjected to every imaginable torture for from forty-five minutes to one hour and thirty minutes. Ridgeley was not permitted to speak to them be fore their horrible death, and he is therefore unable to say who they wore. Ono was noticeable from his small size and grey hair and whiskers. These peculiarities may lead to tho identification of one of tho ill-fated prisoners. Reno killed more Indians than Custer—the latter falling in the middle of the tight, and two captains, believed to be Yates and Keogh, were the last! to die, according to RidgelEy's observation. THE ESCAPE OF THE WHITE MEN. Ridgeley says that the night after the Custer massacre tho Indians were wild with delight., many drunk on whisky stolen from the whites, and squaws performed tho duty of guard for the prisoners, and becoming drowsy as tho night progressed, Ridgeley and his two companions escaped from the camp, and securing ponies, began their long journey toward civilization and home. The three laid in one piece of woods for four days on account of the numerous and straggling war parties which were scouring the country in every direction. They passed one large fishing party on tho way, but escaped observation. The fourth night out from Sitting Bull's camp, Ridgeley's pony stumbled, throwing his rider to the ground and breaking his arm in two places, and he still wears a sling for the comfort of the injured limb. In coming eastward they came north of Fort Lincoin because they were afraid of encountering war parties, which were traveling west to join Sitting Bull. They managed to subsist on game and avoided contact with friend or foo until they reached Fort Abercrombie. The arm of the Rocky Mountain trapper, which had been injured at the same time of the capture, seemed to grow worse to devel- oping erysipelas after their arrival at Fort Abercrombie, where he died a few days ago. Ridgeley's remaining- companion in these terrible experiences has rejoined his friends, residing in north - ern Minnesota, and Ridgeley himself came to Minneapolis yesterday .morning, with the intention of visiting Fort Snelling for the purpose of securing employment as a scout or otherwise— the broken arm preventing him from doing any hard labor at present, DESCRIPTION OF SITTING BULL. HE savs that Sitting Bull is a large man, a half-breed, and very intelligent. Owing to some injury received, the right foot turns outward and the deformity affects his gait very perceptibly. He says that he will drive every white man from the Black Hills, and receives regular supplies of powder and lead from Canadian traders. Ridgeley says that he saw Bed River carts in Sitting Bull's camp, all loaded with ammunition. When Ridgeley and his companions were captured, the Indians took their ponies and furs, and they are thus left in very destitute circumstance?. There are two chiefs in Sitting Bull's camp who are believed to be white men, as RIdgeley says they can talk English quite as well as he can. The,Indians are maneuvered like regular soldiers, and DISPLAYING a surprising knowledge of military tactics. Five weeks before the Custer fight three Red river carts had reached Sitting Bull's camp, loaded with powder and lead As a whole, Ridgeley's story surpasses any romance, but his veracity and integrity are so well vouched for that there is no room to doubt the substantial accuracy of his narrative.
The News, publication date. Thursday, December 1 1887, no.19. Minnesota published by the Zumbrota printing company. ONE OF CUSTER'S MEN. Maj. Reno's Story of Lieut. Harrington's Part in the Disastrous Battle with Sitting Bull--A Faithful Wife's Vain Hope. Harrisburg Special: Maj. M. A. Reno, whose name is closely associated with that of Gen. Custer, who with his troops, was slaughtered by the Indians in the famous battle of the Little Big Horn, is here on a visit. He read with intense interest a story published in the New York World,which vividly recalled to him many of the memories of that disastrous light. The World's story, dated from Fort Worth, Tex., is to the effect that the friends of Mrs. Grace Berard Harrington, who mysteriously disappeared two years and nine mouths ago, have given lip all hope of ever seeing her again, either dead or alive, Mrs. Harrington was the young wife of Second Lieut. Henry M. Harrington, of Company C., in Custer's command. After the terrible fight with Sitting Bull, Lieut. Harrington's name, with those of several other officers, was reported among the missing, though the handsome young officer's body was never found among the dead who surrounded Custer's corpse upon the field. The young widow could never reconcile herself to the belief that her husband had really been killed and long after his friends had numbered him among the dead she nursed the hope that the Indians had spared his life, by reason of his manly beauty, and that he was still living among them in captivity. This hope she had often expressed to her friends prior to her strange disappearance nearly three years ago. She was last seen by living witnesses, so far as known, near Denton, Tex. She was believed to have bought a ticket for Fort Worth, though she was strangely reticent as to her movements and their motive. Her friends now believe that the heart-broken widow, in- spired by and insane hope of finding her lost husband, started for the Indian country, I and perished in the attempt to rejoin him. WHAT MAJ. RENO SAYS. Maj. Reno, it will be remembered, was identified with the battle in which Gen. Custer and his forces were slaughtered, He was accused of cowardice in the fight, but a court martial vindicated him. "I knew Lieut. Harrington," said Maj. Reno to-day, "and an elegant fellow ho was. I am strongly of the opinion that he is not only dead, but he died at the stake, After the great battle I and several other officers, looking through field glasses, saw the Indians miles away engaged in the war dance about three captives, who wore tied to the stake, and my impression is that Harrington was among the unfortunates, I rode over the field of. the great battle the morning after the fight," continued Maj. Reno, "and superintended the burial of Custer and his dead comrades. Custer was shot through the head and through the heart, but his scalp was untouched. Ho was stripped o} all his clothing. Harrington was a magnificent specimen of humanity, and I saw no resemblance to him among the dead whom we buried. The supposition that he might have been held a captive is absurd. Indians make captives of women, but never of men." The subject of the massacre warmed Re- no up, and although he respects the memory of Gen. Custer, it is very eminent that he regarded the famous fighter as exceedingly injudicious, and not as gallant as was a reputation for having been. He said Custer bore down on the Indians with his handful of men for the purpose of obtaining all the credit himself. "The attack which occasioned the massacre was unwarranted," said Reno, "because the Indians were the rightful possessors of the land, and were en- tirely peaceable. Many a brave men fell in that fight, and all because of Custer's ambition. When we found the dead men they lav in such a position as to show that they had fled after the first attack, and the Indians pursued them and shot them down, for in almost every instance they were shot in the back. When I came to the body of Tom Custer, a brother of the general, and saw that his heart was cut out, I knew that Rain-in-the-Face had done it, for Custer had him imprisoned a few days before for the larceny of a piece of cloth, and Rain-in-the-Face swore vengeance.
THE PRESTON REPUBLICAN. DATE JULY,13,1876
THURSDAY. REPUBLICAN NATIONAL TICKET.
FOR PRESIDENT RUTHERFORD B HAYES OF OHIO.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT WM A WHEELER OF NEWYORK.
THIS SIOUX. MASSACRE.
We have frightfully bloody news
from the Sioux campaign. It is an Indian
war in earnest. It appears that
Gen. Custer found the Indian camp of
about 2,000 lodges on the Little Big
Horn, about twenty miles from its
mouth. There were between 3,000 and
4,000 warriors. Under the misapprehension
that the Indians were endeavoring
to get away from him, on the
morning of the twenty-fifth of June
Custer attacked them without getting
all his men up, and divided his command
so that they were beaten in detail.
With five companies he charged
the thickest portion of the'camp, while
Maj. Reno, with seven companies, charged
the lower portion of the camp. The
Indians poured in a murderous fire
from all directions, and the slaughter
that ensued was terrible. The killed
foot up 14 commissioned officers, 1 assistant
surgeon, 237 enlisted men,5civ-
ilians, and 3 Indian scouts in all 260.
Among the killed were Gen, Custer, his
two brothers, nephew^ -and-Brother-in-
law, and not one of his detachment escaped.
After the battle, 207 men were
buried in one place. The Indians surrounded
Reno's command, and held them
one day in the Hills, deprived of water,
until Gibbon's command came in sight,
when they broke camp and left. The
troops fought like tigers, and were overcome
by mere brute force. The Indian
loss cannot be estimated, as they bore
off most of their killed. They actually
pulled men off their horses and butchered
them, and they secured all the
arms of the killed soldiers. The battle
ground is described as looking like a
slaughter-pen, as it really was, being in
a narrow ravine. There is no alleviation
of the ghastly features of the story. Of
five companies that General Custer led
in the attack on the center of the camp
of four thousand Indians, not a man escaped
alive. The whole command was
literally annihilated in an hour. General
Reno, who attacked the camp on
the left with seven companies, cut his
way through the Indians with a loss of
forty-one killed and many wounded, entrenched
himself on a bluff, when he
was surrounded by a host of Indians,
till he was rescued by the appearance of Gen, Terry with Gibbon's command,
Louie Garcia was so kind to send me a word for word translation of an article written by Enoch Appearing Cloud(Mahpiyahdinape) a famous person who was the son of Eagle Helps (Riggs translation). Note that it not an English language translation. The basis of the article is that Enoch is telling who is living and who died at Middle Butte (Birdtail Reserve, Virden, Manitoba), so it provides simply a list of names. Enoch eventually returned to the States and settled at Lake Traverse (Sisseton Reservation, South Dakota).
Post by Mitchell BigHunter on Jun 16, 2020 12:44:13 GMT -5
Tawasuota (Many Hailstones) was credited for killing the Store trader James Lynd Aug.18.1862. Little Crow gave the order to kill the store traders and ordered Tawasota to take the first shot, according to Charles a Eastman (Ohiyesa). Tawasuota told him he let Merrick live because he helped him in the past and let him escape through the window by shooting over his head repeatedly. According to a testimony by a Dakota woman in the book "Through Dakota Eyes, A Narrative of the 1862 Dakota wars".
Merrick was shot and killed running for his life. Merrick told the natives to eat cow dung and grass if they were hungry. They found Merrick with grass in his mouth. after the killings he went to little crows tee-pee gripping his gun underneath his blanket. He stated he felt angry against little crow for calling the order to kill them all. who knows what he was thinking but he agreed to lead the attacks on the next up coming battles.
At the New Ulm battle i read they did a final charge on the garrison, An unusual move by the natives said Fowell. this same move Charles (ohiyesa) wrote about his uncle Oyemakasan made, a final move, a charge that split the grove venture in two and drove them away, led by his Uncle Oyemakasan.
This move possibly may have been pasted down, i also read of them making decoys, door to door attacks killing anyone in sight. brutal (War) tactics.
after they came up to Canada ohiyesa (Charles Eastman) wrote after 1862 they left every summer to attack any sort of Wasicu to take avenge for their oyate. Im not sure of the name he used in Canada but im really close and will let everyone know. They also helped tribes escape by getting in between them and the cavalry while escaping to Canada .Peter Loranz Neufeld explains it better. he is a local historian from Manitoba from the mid 19 century. The warriors that left every summer were our protectors. I Just want the good story they did for their people. no disrespect to the dead innocent families on both sides.Our Sioux people need to know what they did after exile. true heroes to the people.They broke the treaties and they responded and did what they could. They just wanted to try to push them back and burn everything down, They just wanted to keep the old way of life and not bound by treaty.
Tawasuota died 1902 Birdtail creek Manitoba Canada. Tawasuota admitted his guilt 40 years after the fact to a Reverend Louis Mazawakinyana. Enock Maypiyahdinape was the elder at his church after he left Birdtail creek Sioux Manitoba. in the late 1880s. Charles a eastman (ohiyesa) wrote his name in the book crafts and lore.
He wrote Tawasuota -his hailstorm, forcible or impetuous. According to Ohiyesa he was a great warrior already that earned the respect of his tribe, and they even chanted his name. There is a big story to this but this is just a brief description on who he was and what they did after exile, what they thought was best for the Oyate. Tawasuota lived and died a warrior and enemy to the United States sworn by honor never to return Home.