Wambli Kte, Blackfeet Chief Kills Eagle had 18 lodges and 75 people under his care in the 1885 Standing Rock Ration list. Inyan (Stone); Cega Apapi (Strike the Kettle); Sunka Tihi (Dog Comes to the House); Sin Zi (Yellow Fat); Pte San Iyotake (Sitting Grey Cow); Rewa Kte (Kill Gros Ventres); Cutuhu Hanska (Long Ribs); Tasunke Ska (His White Horse); Cetan Kinyanla (Hawk Flying); Cetan Luta (Red Hawk); Maza Toya (Blue Iron); Cante Witko (Fool Heart); Akicita Wakan (Holy Soldier); Maka Ota (Many Skunks); He wambli (Eagle Horn); Wicakaguga (He Broke Their Skulls); Cekpa win (The Twin); Pte jinccala (Calf);
I thought everyone might be interested in my recent article about Kill Eagle's account of the Little Bighorn, including a new unpublished map drawn at the time of his interview in 1876. This appears in the current issue of Greasy Grass.
Space issues prevented the editor from including my reconstruction of the families that were with Kill Eagle, as well as the surrender list for the band and their list of weapons. I thought you all might be interested in the information. Let me know if you catch any errors. Thanks!
Agent Johnston reports Sept. 17th: I have the honor to submit the following statement made by Wan-mdi-kte, “Kill Eagle,” a Blackfoot Sioux Chief who left this Agency last Spring with 26 lodges and who has spent the past summer with the hostiles.
A: I left this Agency last April with 12 lodges belonging to my band and 4 belonging to other bands. One belonging to Running Antelope named Dog; one belonging to Iron Horn named Scarlet Thunder; one belonging to Wounded Head named Eagle Man; one belonging to Bad Hand named Bull; one belonging to Medicine Man named Bear King; two belonging to Belly Fat named Brave Hawk and The man who walks close to his dogs. Two belonging to Two Heart named the Strong and Silent Bear. One belonging to Sitting Crow named Scarlet Eagle. One belonging to Plenty Crow named Little Eagle. Two belonging to Bear Ribs named Afraid of Eagle and Bear Ears. One belonging to Gaul named Blue Cloud. One belonging to Lone Dog who has not returned.
When the Indians came back from the battle, they denounced me as a traitor because I did not go into the fight; and forced me into camp on Greasy Grass Creek. There was a very large camp here, and I was ordered to go on one side of it, but I camped in the middle, and there I was continually surrounded by Indian soldiers; at night the soldiers built fires all around my camp. The next day I could see from my camp, in the road, a great smoke and dust rising; the ponies belonging to all the bands were a long ways from our camp, we went after them but they stampeded.
All of my men that you see here went for our horses, but we could not catch them; finally we caught some of them and brought them to the camp. I then said to my men, “Take your lodges and everything that is valuable and let us flee back to the whites. At this time Sitting Bull’s men set fire to the prairie around my lodges, and burnt some of my lodges up. They took some of my horses killed 8 of them and returned the others; they abused and whipped my men, and they can show the marks today. (A number of his warriors at this time exhibited wounds made by knives, spears and whips. Kill Eagle exhibited quite a large wound on his left hip, made with a knife).
They done this because we did not go to the fight against the whites. After this we moved with them, but was never left alone. We were guarded all the time. In this way they brought us further down, and while moving, Sitting Bull’s we were hunting game, and our children were starving because they would not allow to kill any game. They said to us, “You have no right or title to these buffalo, the white man’s food is food for you, and when you get back you can eat it.”
Yes, Red Hawk clearly is a family cluster within Kill Eagle's band. In 1876, he appears to be "second in command" in terms of leadership. I suspect there is some relationship though I have not found it yet.
I am still digging deeper on Goose. The fact that he was named leader of Kill Eagle's band while he was under arrest as a prisoner of war is suggestive, but not conclusive. Hoping to find more that will confirm.
Thanks, Dietmar, for posting this. Incidentally, the portrait of Kill Eagle used in the article was published by W. R. Cross, not by Barry as the text says. However, I think it is possible that Cross copied another photographer's work, possibly Barry or one of the earlier Standing Rock photographers.
Merry Christmas, everyone!
Last Edit: Dec 20, 2011 11:58:52 GMT -5 by ephriam
Headqrters Post of Standing Rock, D. T. Feb. 6th, 1877
Hughes, Ind. Agent. Sir:
In reply to you letter of this date I have the honor to say that I have no objection to separating the Uncpapa from the Blackfeet Indians, referring to those hostiles who surrendered with Kill Eagle.
It is proper to say, however, that Kill Eagle resigned his position of chief, or at least acquiesced in having the rank and position of chief transferred to The Goose as the request of his men. I therefore do not regard Kill Eagle as a Chief. He is also still a prisoner on parole.
William Allen Rogers, reporter/artist for Harper´s Weekly newspaper, made a sketch of Kill Eagle in 1878:
W.A. Rogers, of Harper´s Weekly, returned from Standing Rock Sunday, and started for Manitoba. At Standing Rock he made a large number of sketches, including Long Soldier, Kill Eagle, the famous rock or Mecca of the Sioux people, a dance, etc. Rogers thinks he will run them into an article for the Monthly. Daily Press and Dakotaian, October 11, 1878
Rogers apparently used the Kill Eagle portrait for another picture he made for the newspaper:
According to another newspaper, the Oglala Light, Kill Eagle died in 1883:
One thing is certain, Kill Eagle had excellent qualities of head and heart that Rain-ln-The-Face lacked, and we like to think this story true. He died at Standing Rock in 1883 when only forty- eight. The Oglala Light, May 01, 1907