Post by Dietmar on Sept 2, 2015 10:54:53 GMT -5
Little Raven, 1871 by Alexander Gardner
Does anyone have detailed information on Arapaho chief Hosa (Young Crow), better known to history as Little Raven? When I recently tried to sort out photos of him and his family I´ve found some contradictory information.
The best source so far seem to be Loretta Fowler´s books on Arapaho history (for example: "Wives and Husbands: Gender and Age in Southern Arapaho History"). According to her, we have these family members:
father: Old Raven
brothers: Trunk (a renowned warrior) and several others
sisters: Walking Backward and 2 unknown
Little Raven had at least 5 wives, the last three of them sisters of Chief Yellow Bear:
marriage 1: Yellow Hair (later divorced)
daughter: Singing Woman
marriage2: Nabaissa/Blood Woman
son: Heap of Bears
marriage 3: Short Woman
daughter: Sitting Down
marriage 4: Beaver Woman
marriage 5: Good Woman
sons: Theok Raven, Little Raven Jr.
daughter: Anna Little Raven
His oldest son, Heap of Bears, later was prominent as a delegate to Washington.
However, in some early photos other sons appear, who are not mentioned in the list above.
Above is a photo by photographer William Soule, which shows Little Raven with his young daughter on his knees, trader William Bent and “two of Little Ravens sons” in 1868.
Usually there are no names given in published versions of this picture, but I also saved this scan:
“Little Raven & granddaughter, William Bent and Little Raven´s sons Archer & Manimick at Fort Dodge Kansas”
The inscription says that we have here the 2nd son of Little Raven and his eldest son, sitting far right.
There is another picture taken at the same session which is often labelled “Little Bear and Shield, sons of Little Raven”:
The Indian on left to me seems like the “2nd son” (Archer?) in the photo with Bent. Obviously the man on right is indeed a son of Little Raven: no other than Heap of Bears, who appears in other photographs in later years I will post later on.
Can anyone explain the discrepancies?