Post by kingsleybray on Jul 16, 2020 7:12:27 GMT -5
This probably needs another thread within Arapaho, but I thought it would be useful to look at the enlisted Indian Scouts in Scout Co. A at Red Cloud Agency. The company was organized on July 1st, 1877, and the three month sign-up ran out on October 31st. There were 48 officers and men in total, of which I identify 25 as known or probable Arapahos. 18 are known or probable Oglalas, making 5 of whom I'm unsure. You'll see that the Northern Arapaho leadership is very well represented.
I suspect that our man with the blanket / scarf wrapped round his head is one of these enlisted Scouts.
Individuals are Arapaho unless noted as "(Oglala)" or "(unknown)".
First Sergeant: Sharp Nose
Sergeants: Black Coal Washington, aka Old Eagle White Horse Spider (Oglala)
Corporals: Six Feathers Wolf Moccasin War Club (Oglala) Captain Long Dog (Oglala)
Privates: Big Man Black Shirt Blue Shield (Oglala) Brave Bear (Oglala) Brings the Pipe (Oglala) Broken Horn Broken Leg (Oglala) Fast Wolf Friday Frog Ground Bear Half Shirt Horned Eagle (Oglala) Hump Ribs (unknown) Kills First (unknown) Little Chief (unknown) Lone Bear Lone Dog (Oglala) Medicine Man Painting Horse (Oglala) Pretty Place (Oglala) William Provost (Oglala) Red Beaver Ree Running Hawk (Oglala) Running Jump (unknown) Scraper (Oglala) Sitting Bear (unknown) Sitting Bull Standing Feather (unknown) Swimmer (Oglala) Walks in the Water Wallow Bull Water Man Weasel Bear White Face (Oglala) Whole Robe Wild Cherry Yankton
Post by kingsleybray on Jul 16, 2020 7:34:30 GMT -5
The photographs including the Arapaho chiefs with Lt Johnson and Dr McGillycuddy were taken not long before Red Cloud Agency was closed, at the end of October 1877. The Arapahos left bound westward on November 1st, intending to winter "at Red Buttes or on Sage Creek near old Fort Caspar", before relocating permanently to the Shoshone Agency on Wind River in spring 1878.
Dr McGillycuddy and his wife accompanied the Oglalas, who were being relocated eastward to the Yellow Medicine Agency on the Missouri. According to Mrs McGillycuddy's diary she and her husband left Red Cloud Agency at 4.00 pm on October 26th.
So the photo's cannot have been taken later than October 26th.
On the id of the man with the scarf round his head, this is just an idea. Since he seems to be a Scout, a senior male, and his photo taken three times, I wondered if he's the otherwise un-pictured officer Wolf Moccasin? Lt W P Clark, who enlisted the Scouts at Camp Robinson / Red Cloud Agency, visited the Arapahos at Wind River a few years later (1881?). He remarks in his book THE INDIAN SIGN LANGUAGE that he met Wolf Moccasin, by then "blind and seventy-four years of age" on this trip (p. 41).