Canadian Intertribal wars Nov 29, 2012 23:37:38 GMT -5
Post by bghillio on Nov 29, 2012 23:37:38 GMT -5
Over time I have come across references to several intertribal battles, but more detailed info about these events seems sparse.
Can anyone here either provide further details or direct me to currently published, out of print, or antiquated sources that further describe these battlefields:
"One of the greatest chiefs in the history of the Blackfoot Confederacy was Crowfoot, when many of the old timers of Southern Alberta knew personally from the time the ranchers began to settle in the province, till the time of his death in April 1890.
"It is said that he gained an undisputed place as leader of his tribe during a terrific battle between the Crees and the Blackfeet on December 3, 1866. This took place at Three Ponds, a valley between the Battle and the Red Deer Rivers. The Blackfeet, having been thoroughly beaten, were about to retreat with great loss of life. When suddenly Crowfoot appeared and rallied the discouraged warriors. The Blackfeet dashed into the fight and drove the Crees back into their own country with complete confusion.
A war party of Snakes had gone to a Gros Ventre camp near the Bear Paw Mountains and there killed two Gros Ventre and taken a white pony, which they subsequently gave to a party of Piegan whom they met, and with whom they made peace. The Gros Ventres afterward saw this horse in the Piegan camp and supposed that the latter had killed their tribesman, and this led to a long war. In the year 1867, the Piegan defeated the allied Crow and Gros Ventre in a great battle near the Cypress Mountains, in which about 450 of the enemy are said to have been killed.
1870 Between 600 and 800 Assiniboines and Crees attacked Blood camps not far from Fort Whoop-Up, at the confluences of the Oldman and St. Mary Rivers. The attackers did not know that a large number of South Piegans with repeating rifles were camped a short distance away. The combined Blood and Piegan forces succeeded in routing the Assiniboines and Crees, inflicting casualties estimated between 200 and 300 warriors. The name for Fort
Whoop-Up (photo left), “many Died,” describes the river bottom where the Bloods had suffered heavy losses during the 1837 epidemic.
1890 Many Crow people killed by Blackfoot near Sweet Grass Hills, Canada.
Thanks in advance for your help. Will post more.