Does anybody have any information as to when the Standing Rock Indian Police was started?
I have read documentation regarding the Standing Rock Indian Police from 1890 and have read documentation from 1892-1902 pertaining to who was Captain etc...
As you may already know. Marcellus Red Tomahawk is probably best known during the late 1800's for being on the Standing Rock Indian Police. Marcellus Red Tomahawk was captain of the Standing Rock Indian Police 1892 - 1894.
David Standing Soldier suceeded him and held the position from 1895-1902 based on the information that I have read.
Does anybody have a photo of David Standing Soldier and/or have anymore information about David Standing Soldier?
In George E. Hyde's "A Sioux Chronicle" he mentions on on page 29 that on May 27, 1878, Congress passed a bill providing for the recruiting of Indian police forces on all reservations. On page 31 he says that in 1878-1879 when the Indian Office ordered the forming of police forces at the agencies, the Sioux at both Cheyenne River and Standing Rock submitted.
In 'My Friend The Indian' James McLaughlin mentions on page 101 that on 10th June 1882, he was out hunting buffalo with a gathering of Indians from Standing Rock, including John Eagle Man "the latter an Indian policeman." So the Standing Rock Indian police force was clearly up and running at that date.
Does anyone know of any existing photographs or enlistment records of the Standing Rock Indian Police from 1881 to 1885? I understand that many Agency records from these years were lost, possibly in a fire, but I'm hoping something may have survived. I'm searching for records or photographs of the Hunkpapa leader Crow King, who enlisted with the police force at Standing Rock in 1881. Thank you.
Thank you for posting this, Dietmar. I'd never seen this image before. It appears that the Lakota police had their hair cut short to enlist. I wonder if this was regulation in 1881 as well. I hope to learn more about it and will keep searching.
Post by kingsleybray on Apr 26, 2016 9:17:01 GMT -5
At National Archives in Kansas City in 2007, I came across a document in a file called STANDING ROCK AGENCY - COPIES RECEIVED AND COPIES SENT, BOX 27.
The document is a letter from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, H. Price, to J. A. Stephan, US Ind Agt, Standing Rock Agency, dated Sept. 7, 1881. It approves the enlistment of the following named men as Indian Police at Standing Rock, reported by Stephan on July 1, 1881.
Broken Head Keep the Eagle Red Hawk White Black Bird Bald Head Grey Bear Spotted Face Red Tomahawk Yellow Wolf Red Fox Afraid of Anything Elk White Weasel Bear Shave Head Red Top The Middle Takes the Gun Iron Thunder High Bear Red Bear Nic Kiddot [Cadotte] Good Wood Little Eagle
Thank you Kingsley. It's encouraging to know that there are Standing Rock records from that year still in existence. If memory serves, Crow King only arrived at Standing Rock in the summer of 1881, at about the same time James McLaughlin took over as Agent from J.A. Stephan. I thought I had found a reference in Stanley Vestal's notes quite some time ago in regard to the year Crow King joined the Agency police. My recollection is that it was 1881 but it may have been later. I will try to find the quote.
Wakalapi, David Standing Soldier Akititanajin was born October 1852 North Dakota and died April 1914. He was married in 1873 to Scholastica (Louisa) b 1857. They had five children, Rachel (1876) m. Frank Chase, Jerome (1889) Bernard (Kuwa?) 1894, Maggie (1890) Helen (1891). I don't know Louisa's family but her brother was Itkasko.
Standing Soldier was Captain in 1895. Thomas Reedy was the Chief of the Indian Police then.
The State Historical Society of North Dakota (SHSND) has several photos of David Standing Soldier. One is standing, with Father Francis Gerschwyler,O.S.B., one of the Swiss missionaries at Standing Rock in the late 1880s-1900. (Look in their digital collections; particularly the Frank Fiske Collection #1952.
There is also a photo Mrs. Standing Soldier, but no first name, so it could be Louisa or a daughter in law.
They also have a variety of group photos around 1895 on of the Indian Police. They are labeled Frank Fiske, but in reality, probably taken by Stephen "Dick" Fansler, who operated the studio at Ft. Yates until late 1897; Frank Fiske was his 16 year old apprentice, and inherited all the negatives.
Last Edit: Jul 5, 2018 16:38:01 GMT -5 by winona: misspelling
Dietmar, The white man you noted is the Chief of Police, Thomas James Reedy. His wife, Agnes B. Wells, was sister to Philip Wells, the interpreter/scout who was the first person injured at Wounded Knee, and the niece of Major McLaughlin's wife, Mary Louise Buisson McLaughlin. Reedy stayed at Standing Rock through the early 1900s.
Dietmar, The white man you noted is the Chief of Police, Thomas James Reedy. His wife, Agnes B. Wells, was sister to Philip Wells, the interpreter/scout who was the first person injured at Wounded Knee, and the niece of Major McLaughlin's wife, Mary Louise Buisson McLaughlin Ampetu Waste Win. Reedy stayed at Standing Rock through the early 1900s.
Below, photo of David Standing Soldier, circa 1895. I believe he was Captain from 1895-1902.
Last Edit: Jul 6, 2018 8:23:18 GMT -5 by winona: misspelling
Was it a requirement that Akicita have their long hair shorn before enlisting in the police force? There is a painting of Rain-In-The-Face with short hair in the book 'Burbank Among the Indians' .. the only place I've ever seen an image of him where he did not wear his long braids. He was lame prior to and during his years at Standing Rock so I assume he was ineligible to join the police force. Does anyone have information about that?