I have read sometime ago on the Oyate boards that the sons of Bone Necklace, one of the leading Yanktonai chiefs of his time, were Wizi, White Ghost, D.K. Howe, Mark Dog Back and possibly Thomas Fast Walker, but I can´t give a reliable source.
Robert Galler wrote in his article about Yanktonai history that Wizi and White Ghost were cousins.
I see where his wife is widow in 1911 in the Yanton census 1911 The only thing i have is where they claim that Sungil was the nephew of Wizi and White Ghost who married Sitting Bull's daughter. refering to both of them as brothers
Chief Bone Necklace b. 1810 James River Valley Spouse: Kimmitowin-White Butterfly b. 1811 Children Son: Chief Wanagiska-White Ghost b. 1828 Son: Sunka Cankohan-Dog Back b. 1832 Son: Chief Wizi- Smoking Lodge b. 1833 Son: Unsposin How-DK Howe b. 1838 Daughter: Ptemani win-Buffalo Walking Woman-b.1839 Son: Mani-Fast Walker b. 1841 Daughter: Wanyankapiwin b. 1852 Son: White b. 1853
Wanagiska-White Ghost b. 1828 1st Spouse: Inapewin-Cose Out b. 1844 2nd Spouse: Canhukan-Root b. 1840 Children Daughter: Marie White Ghost b. 1871 Daughter: Istajiwin-Mabel White Ghost b. 1883
Istajiwin-Mabel White Ghost b. 1883 Spouse: Tipi- Melvin Lodge b. 1878 Children Son: Everett Lodge b 1905 Son: Patrick Lodge b. 1905 Son: Fredrick Lodge b. 1911 Daughter: Cynthia Lodge b. 1913 Son: Victor Lodge n. 1916 Daughter: Violette Lodge b. 1919
Sunkacankohan-Dog Back b. 1832 Spouse: Canku-Road b. 1832 Children Daughter: Jenny Dog Back b. 1862
Chief Wizi-Smoking Lodge b. 1833 d. 1912 Crow Creek 1st Spouse: Sunka ska-Hahanna White Dog b. 2nd Spouse: Waziekuaniwin-Walks In Pine b. 1848 d. 1897 Children Son: Choteau Wizi b. 1854 b. 1918 Daughter: Lucy Wizi b.1865 Daughter: Ista zi-Amy Emma Wizi b. 1869 Son: Wizioa-John Wizi b. 1876 Son: Robert Wizi b. 1879 Son: Guy Wizi b. 1883 Son: Joseph Wizi b. 1889 d. 1888 Daughter: Wanokiya-Mary Wizi b. 1890 d. 1894
Unsposin How-DK Howe b. 1838 Spouse: Uncagewin-Her Nature b. 1841 Children Daughter: Mary Howe b. 1860 Son: George Joseph Howe b. 1870 Daughter: Alma Howe b. 1876 Daughter: Lulu Howe b. 1882 Daughter: Ellen Howe b. 1883 Son: Aucinyapi-One They Defend b. 1884
George Howe b. 1870 Spouse: HinyanDuta Win-Red Woman b. 1871 Spouse: Winyanwaste-Pretty Woman White Horn b. 1871
Mani-Fast Walker b. 1841 Spouse: Reflection Woman b. 1842 Children Daughter: Edith Fast Walker b. 1882 Daughter: Nora Fast Walker b. 1909 Daughter: Emma Fast Walker b. 1910
Last Winter b. 1871 Spouse: Edith Fast Walker b. 1882 Children Daughter: Emily Fast Walker b. 11-30-1911 Son: Ernest Fast Walker b. 1913 d. 1913 Daughter; Cecilia Fast Walker b. 1914
Sato-Choteau Wizi b. 1851 d. 1918 Crow Creek 1st Spouse: Wipuhi-Chucky woman b. 1867 2nd Spouse: Uncagewin b. 3rd Spouse: Emma –Hairless b. 1864 Children Son: Tatanka Sa-Andrew Red Bull/Thunder b. 1883 Daughter: Wahezi wastewin-Pretty Fellow Flower b. 1884 Son: Tatanka kakdeska- Spotted Bull b. 1886 Daughter: Stand on Land b. 1896
Lucy Wizi b.1865 Crow Creek Spouse:
John Sazue b. 1862 d. 1917 Children Son: Samuel Sazue b. 1882 Son: b. 1891 d. 1891 Daughter: Ellen azue b. 1893 Daughter: Mabel Sazue b. 1893 Son: William Sazue b. 1897
Istazi-Amy Emma Wizi b. 1869 d. 1909 Spouse: Samuel Brown b. 1891 2nd Spouse: Henry Jacob b. 1867 Children Son: Isaac Jacob b. 1894 Daughter: Ruth Jacob b. 1897 Son: William Jacob b. 1900
Wizioa-John Wizi b. 1876 Spouse: Belle Four Eagle
Wanyankapiwin-Mary Sully b. 1852 1st Spouse: Wounded arm 2nd Spouse: Wanyeca 3rd Spouse: Joe Sully Children Daughter: Emily Sully b. 1872 Son: William Sully b. 1874 Daughter: Estella Sully b. 1875 Daughter: Louisa Sully b. 1882 Daughter: Eva Sully b. 1884 Daughter: Millie Sully b. 1885 Son: John Sully b. 1886 Son: Frank Sully b. 1889 Son: George Sully b. 1891
Standing Rock Mary Smith b. 1878 Spouse: Thomas Lovejoy b. 1876 Spouse: James Fire Cloud b. 1870 Spouse: James Fast Wolfe Randall b. 1881 enrolled pine ridge Spouse: John Treetop b.1880 Children Son: Eugene Lovejoy b. 9-19-1896 d. 10-27-1960 Daughter: Loudia Firecloud b. 1990 d. 3-27-1975 Daughter: Lena Firecloud b. 4-4-1906 d. 7-23-1977 Daughter: Susan Firecloud b. 4-10-1921 d. 2000 Son: James Fast Wolfe Randall Lovejoy b. 12-27-1914 d. 4-12-1983 Daughter: Irene Treetop Son: Percy Treetop b. 1-18-1920 d. 2-26-1999
Eugene Lovejoy b. 9-19-1895 d. 10-27-1960 1st Spouse: Winona -Mary Swift Elk b. 1894 2nd Spouse: Mary F. Hawk 1905 3rd Spouse: Pearl Grindstone b. 1903 4th Spouse: Aikinicapi-Annie b. 1899 Children Daughter: May Ramona Lovejoy b. 1926 Step daughter: Amy Berlin Grindstone b. 1925 Step Son: John Thompson b. 1920
Mary F. Hawk Lovejoy b. 1905 Children Son: Paul Irving Chapman b. 10-19-1925
Mary Lovejoy b. 1894 2nd Spouse: George Gates b. 1884 Children Son: Charles Albert Gates b. 1-22-1922
Loudia “Lydia”Firecloud b. 1890 d. 3-27-1975 1st Spouse: John Zahn b. 1880 d.1968 2nd Spouse: Vetal LeCompte Jr. b. 1902 d. 1978 Children Son: Algeron Zahn b. 7-28-1911 d. 3-15-1968 Daughter: Zelda LaCompte b. 1-12-1938 Daughter: Cheryl LaCompte b. Daughter: Deloris Elaine LaCompte b. 6-6-1934
Lena Firecloud b. 4-4-1906 d. 7-23-1977 Spouse: Bede White b. 2-18-1890 Children Daughter: Melda Jaylene White b. 6-14-1946 d.9-20-1981 Son: Marvin White b. 11-28-1833 d. 5-6-1979
Susan Firecloud b. 4-10-1921 d. 2000 1st Spouse: Leo Archambault b. 5-1-1894 d. 10-20-1959 2nd Spouse: Wilmer Havens
Leo Archambault b. 5-1-1894 d. 10-20-1959 1st Spouse: Genevieve Forte b. 1895 2nd Spouse: Lottie Armetage b.
3rd Spouse: Susan Firecloud b. 4-10-1921 d. 2000
Leo Archambault b. 5-1-1894 d. 10-20-1959 2nd Spouse: Lottie Armetage b. Children Daughter: Lola Archambault b. 5-10-1922
Fort Peck Tatanka Duta-Andrew Red Bull/Thunder b. 1883 Fort Peck 1st Spouse: Tiyo Kte Win-Kills in House -Kate b.1886 2nd Spouse: Laura Gray Bear b. 1886 3rd Spouse: Katie No Breast b. 1883 4th Spouse: Agnes Irish b. 1902 d. 1985 Children Son: Seth Red Thunder b. 1908 Daughter: Ione Red Thunder b. 1912 Son: Charles Red Thunder b. 1914 d. 1930 Son: Joseph Red Thunder b. 1917 d. 1993
Tiyo Kte Win-Kills in House- Kate b.1886 2nd Spouse: Jeff Davis b. 1871 d. 1926 Children Son: Arthur Davis b. 1901 Daughter: Lucille D. Davis b. 1908 d. 1999 Son: Jesse Davis b. 1916 Daughter: Marion Davis b. 1918 Daughter: Christina Davis b. 1920
Seth Red Thunder b. 1908 Spouse: Ione Virginia LaPlante b. 1911 d. 1973 Children Daughter: Margret Red Thunder b. 1931 d. 2008 Daughter: Florine Red Thunder b. 1944 d. 2011 Son: Calvin Red Thunder b. 1949 d. 2004 Son: James Red Thunder b. 1955 d. 1997 Daughter:
Joseph Red Thunder b. 1917 d. 1993 Spouse: Evelyn Archdale b. 1921 d. 2002 Children Daughter: Carol Gene Red Thunder b. 1954 d.2006
Margret Red Thunder b. 12-14-1931 d. 8-5-2008 1st Young 2nd Spouse: William Strauser 3rd Spouse: Harvey Hamilton Jr. Children
Calvin Red Thunder b. 1949 d. 2004 Spouse: Sharon Youpee b.1950 Children Daughter: Denise Kay Red Thunder b. 1-1-1972 d. 2004
Mato Hota-Firestone Gray Bear b. 1848 Red All Over her Rope- Eunice Gray Bear b. 1850 Children Son: Frank Gray Bear b. 1878 Son: Edward Gray Bear b. 1879 d. 1893 Daughter: Good Horn Woman b. 1883 d. 1971 Daughter: Laura Gray Bear b.1886 d. 1871
William Wizi, was called “one of the principal and most progressive [Yanktonais] chiefs” on Crow Creek reservation. Wizi was a cousin of fellow chief White Ghost and accepted the white man's life style and religion at an early stage. White Ghost, in particular, seemed to gain Agent Dougherty's respect after appropriating certain American traditions. The Yanktonais had maintained peaceful relations with Americans since at least their 1825 treaty, but Wizi had also experienced the attack of American troops at Whitestone Hill in 1863. He was the leader of the so-called “Upper Camp” on Crow Creek reservation.
Wizi is sometimes translated as “Something Yellow”, but also as “Yellow Moon” or “Old Lodge”. In Edward Curtis’s “The North American Indian” we find in chapter “THE TETON SIOUX” the following explanation for the word wizi, which supports the translation as “Something Yellow” and “Old Lodge”:
“The covering was of tanned buffalo-hides, and when new was almost white; but with use and from the smoke of the tipi fire it became a rich brown [or dark yellow], and was exceedingly soft and flexible. The skin in this state was called wizi, and was much used for leggings and other clothing”.
Prior to White Ghost's 1879 acceptance of allotment, agent Dougherty recorded Wizi, a "cultivator of land," as "chief" of the Lower Yanktonais. By 1881 it is believed that he acted as a mediator, keeping disagreements on the reservation to a minimum. He is reported to have given land for the town of Fort Thompson.
In the 1880ies and 1890ies he was member of different Crow Creek delegation to Washington, where he was photographed several times (see above posts). From 1876 to 1880 he signed at least four “agreements” with the Whites. He signed for instance the Sioux Agreement of 2 March 1889, which reduced the great Sioux reservation by 9,274,668 acres, leaving to the Teton and Yanktonais tribes only 12,681,911 acres within the boundaries of the Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Lower Brule, Pine Ridge, Rosebud and Standing Rock reservations.
Episcopalian deacon Hekalia Burt considered Upper Camp leader Wizi "the best chief here as regards our work" as well as the most solicitous of an Episcopalian mission. Wizi reinforced his rhetorical support for missionaries by sending three girls from his band to the Sister Anna's agency boarding school. Episcopal leaders compensated Wizi for his allegiance by sending Burt a check for 100 dollars to purchase a wagon for the upper camp leader.
Excerpt from from M. F. Frances' Hampton Institute, 1868 to 1885: Its Work for Two Races (Hampton, Va.: Normal School Press Print, 1885) 9-17, 31-32: “….If we call at the two-story house of Chief Wizi we shall find that, he has kept the best room in it for his grand-daughter, our little Amy. It is what we should expect of this Christian chief who, when his grandson died at Hampton years ago, called his people together and told them ... If only one of our children returns to teach us the white man's road, it would be worth the loss of all the rest."
The “Report of Hampton Institute” to the Commissioner of Indian affairs reported in 1885:
… that “Amy Wizi, daughter of the chief, not finding her home civilized enough, could not eat as they ate or sleep as they slept. She took some chinaware [which her father had been unable to use] and arranged for the first time the table in a civilized manner”.
Wizi joined the Episcopal Church and was buried at the Episcopalian cemetery in Fort Thompson.
Note: Andrew Fox (Sungina)was a nephew of Wizi and White Ghost. From November 1878-September 1881; June 1884-October 1884 he was at Hampton. In October 1884 he returned home due to illness. Sungina married Sitting Bull's daughter and later became Sitting Bull's secretary and interpreter. During the Indian excite ment of '90, he was still with Sitting Bull, and, after the fight, was captured with the rest of the band and taken to Fort Sully, SD, where they were confined for several months. Later worked as a Congregational Minister's assistant and farmer
Last Edit: Sept 19, 2015 11:54:09 GMT -5 by gregor