This 1885 Notman profile of Sitting Bull serves as the basis for several Hauser paintings:
a) Portrait of Sitting Bull, 1898 b) Sitting Bull, undated c) Crazy Horse (!), undated
The 1883 R. L. Kelly (or later Scott) portrait of Sitting Bull in hat, is the source of three other Hauser paintings:
a) Chief Sitting Bull, 1901 (with two feathers added to the hat) b) Sitting Bull, undated c) Chief Sitting Bull, undated (with a war bonnet replacing the hat
The Barry 1885 (or later?) photo is the inspiration for Hauser's 1909 Portrait of Indian with a Single Feather:
The Goff 1881 portrait is the basis of Hauser's 1904 painting, Chief of the Sioux. However, it looks like the strange version you sometimes see that mixes that Goff photo with a mid-80s one of Curly or Little Head- but with extra feathers! This image in turn has cropped up on cigarette cards and if the dates my brief internet research has led me to are correct, I suspect Hauser may have based his painting on the cigarette card rather than the photo!
This 1952 card reprints the 1930 image which is a reprint of the 1888 one:
The text below refers to the 1930 card that I wasn't able to copy:
"This series of 50 Indian Chiefs was first issued by Allen & Ginter in 1888. It was re-issued by B.A.T., or British American Tobacco in 1930. It is also available as a trade card from Ganong Bros. Chocolate and a Nostalgia Reprint set. These cards are amongst the most sought after in the cigarette card hobby. This is the BAT or British American Tobacco version from 1930."
I do wonder if Hauser based any of his paintings on photographs of the Sicangu Lakota who sepnt the summer of 1896 camped at Cincinnati Zoo. Sharp and Farny visited the camp and bit would seem scarcely credible that Hauser wouldn't, bearing in mind his interest in the subject - unless he was out West for that time. Farny photographed members of the group, as did the artist Enno Meyer. Unfortunately, only a few of these seem to be online at www.ohioswallow.com/extras/9780821417393_intro.pdf where the rationale behind the Lakota's residency is explained. It's hard to tell from this photo but perhaps this is the Bald Eagle that Hauser painted - though here he's Little Bald Eagle. Of course, as he was free and easy in his application of genuine names, it could be another case of using the name for someone different.
This portrait looks like a Heyn, Rinehart or Anderson, but I haven't come across one that I can definitely tie it in to (and after all, it may not have originally been a Lakota at all). Anyone got any ideas? To the best of my knowledge, it's undated.
Here's a Meyer photo of some of the Sicangu, including Little Bald Eagle, at Cincinnati Zoo:
Here's Anderson's portrait of Little Bald eagle, but I don't see the resemblance:
Here's a photo of a Lakota called Bald Eagle, but where it's from and who took it, I couldn't tell you. I'd love to see larger, clearer version:
Here's High Bald Eagle (taken in the 1930s?) and you can see it's definitely not him:
Here's another, probably totally unrelated, but unusual enough to post: "Bald Eagle on Recruit"
Last Edit: Oct 16, 2011 15:32:44 GMT -5 by grahamew
I received the following email from one of the authors of the forthcoming Hauser catalogue:
I am hoping you can point me in the right direction. John Hauser apparently spent some time "in Cheyenne country" and painted several winter hunting scenes featuring Indians in fur hats (probably otter). Some are identified as Cheyenne. Do you happen to know if such headware was typical of the Cheyenne--more so than the Sioux? I am trying to date his travels. Thanks very much for your help. E.P. Harris
There are Lakotas wearing fur caps in Bad Heart Bull's drawings, but when identified, they're fox skin - and on some, you can clearly see the tip of the fox tail - as with the man at the bottom of the folowing drawing:
There are photographs of Indians with Cody in England during the 1887/8 (?) tour wearing what appear to be otter skin caps:
Black Elk and Elk (Elliott and Fry)
Unidentified (Elliott and Fry)
Is this otter fur?
Brave Bear, Hunkpapa, by Goff (?)
Bear's Rib, by Goff (1881?)
Lakota leaders (Barry, mid1880s?)
Long Dog (Barry, mid-late 1880s)
Black Prairie Chicken (Cross, late 1870s?)
White Bird (Cross, 1880s?)
Horned Antelope, Sicangu; Photo by Cross, probably late 1870s. Is this an otter skin turban?
'Chiefs' at Standing Rock (Goff? Barry? circa 1881)
On the other hand, I can't find evidence that the Cheyenne favoured them more than the Lakota. There are several examples of Southern Cheyenne wearing them in Afton, Halaas and Masich's Cheyenne Dog Soldiers, though acursory glance at Cowdrey's Arrow's Elk Society Ledger and Szabo's Howling Wolf didn't reveal any - whereas you can find examples in the art of their allies, the Kiowa, and in photographs of Kiowas from that period.
Here's a Phillips' photo, allegedly of a young Cheyenne warrior, the brother of Red Moon(1869):
However, here's Mato Tope's drawing of his fight with a Cheyenne who's wearing an Otter turban:
Little Wolf and Dull Knife (Gardner)
Good Eagle (another Elliott and Fry, taken in London) However, I'm not too sure he isn't a Lakota masquerading as a Cheyenne to make it look as if Cody's Wild West Show had members of several tribes at that time
There's a Huffman photo of a couple of Cheyenne scouts at Fort Keogh, one of whom is wearing an otter hat, if I remember rightly, but I can't find a copy of it at the moment
So the short answer is no, but if anyone else can help, please chip in...
Last Edit: Mar 13, 2011 12:54:12 GMT -5 by grahamew