Post by Californian on Jan 2, 2019 10:53:00 GMT -5
hi Grahamew, thanks for the comment. Hadn't it been for that faint pencil note on the back I wouldn't have had anything to go by. Funny, I did write the Mandan Historical Society too pointing out that they had a misnomer on their biographical page for Zalmon Gilbert for that particular image titling is as "Gall". I did some research into Zalmon's son James W. Gilbert on whose cardstock my image has been printed. He had married in 1893 in Montana a 17 year old girl and by 1900 was divorced and lived in his father's former home in Mandan. The printed locality on the cardstock is stated as New Salem, North Dakota. Thus my particular print can be dated to 1898 or 1899, off the original glass plate negative by his father which I would date to around 188e or 1885. By the way, about 12+ years ago approx. 3 dozen glass plate negatives by Zalmon Gilbert where auctioned at Cowan's Auctions - I wish I could localize the current owner to see if this particular image is among the negatives. All the best from snowed-in Santa Fe NM.
Last Edit: Jan 6, 2019 20:22:08 GMT -5 by Californian: typo
I have seen the man labelled 'Letty' Bull (if that's what it says) also labelled Thin Skin, Gros Ventre. Of course, that was on Pinterest and official sites are often wrong about names, never mind Pinterest. The only thing I know for sure is that both are earlier Gilberts when he co-owned the Gilbert and Miller studio from November 1881 to 1885. Crow King died April 84 and his photo has the same backdrop. Just to confuse things, when your photo appeared on Cowan's Auction site a few years back, the tribal attribution was Lakota.
Would anyone have information about the photograph of Crow King by Zalmon Gilbert, sometimes cited as having been taken at his studio in Mandan, Dakota Territory in 1880? Although Crow King surrendered to the US Military near Wolf Point, Montana in December of 1880 (to my knowledge), it would seem quite unlikely that he could have made his way to Mandan for a studio portrait sitting within the space of a week or two. From what I've learned, he was only transferred by steamboat to Fort Yates from confinement as a prisoner of war at Fort Buford in the spring or summer of 1881. I think it is more likely that he could have had his portrait taken by Gilbert at this time, possibly during a stay-over by the steamship at Mandan, on its way to Standing Rock Agency.
I'm also curious to know about the feathers Crow King is wearing in the portrait, particularly the darker one that is slanted to the side, below the other two. Does anyone have accurate information on how the Lakota wore and coloured their coup feathers at that time and what their arrangements signified? It has been written that Crow King was wounded during the earlier times of intertribal warfare, although he apparently came through the Little Bighorn fight unscathed.
I saw somewhere on this site that there was a eulogy written to Crow King by someone named Tall Bear: "Tall Bear's Eulogy on the Death of Crow King", in The Sedalia Weekly Bazoo, from Sedalia, Missouri, 1 July 188[4?], pPage 2. If anyone could offer advice on how I might be able to access a copy of this article, I would be indebted.
I believe the source I found for the date of the photo is incorrect. I've since learned that Crow King more likely posed for Gilbert in 1883, a year before he died at Standing Rock. In regard to the darker feather that Crow King is wearing in the photo, I've learned that it may indicate that he was wounded by an enemy .. a fact that I have corroborated from other sources.
Here are some that I couldn't fit into the old posts:
The man at the right was one of the Gros Ventre dancers posted up-thread: I think the man in the left panel is Harry Eaton, Hidatsa, also known as Sand Hill Crane and One Eye, an informant for Densmore.