Regarding traditional Modoc clothing I found this in Indians of North America,Chelsea House Publishers "The Modoc" by Odie B.Faulk and Laura E.Faulk, given in short here: Modoc clothing was functional, for winter wear they made moccasins,leggings, hats, Shirts, skirts and Robes from furry animal hides. For summer wear many of These clothing articles as well as loincloths for the men, were made from tule or other grasses hat grew plentiful in the area. The woven clothing did not last as Long as those made of animal fur, but was more easily and quickly made. In winter time, additionally Robes of fur or grass were used to stay warm, These were tied around the neck and waist to hold Body heat. Both men and women could wear basket-shaped hats, those of men were normally plain, while the ones of women often had decorative desgins. Those hats were waterproof and gave protection from the elements.In winter fur hats were preferred by the Modocs.
I recently purchased the following photo at a garage sale and was just curious what anyone can tell me about it. I have not been able to locate anything specific about a Chief Sky from the Modoc Tribe in 1934. I was just wondering if anyone had any additional information about where this photo may have been taken and its authenticity? Thanks so much in advance.
<Update: I may have located his name as Lee Snipes, Husband to Mollie?>
Last Edit: Jun 23, 2015 18:13:43 GMT -5 by siapap: additional information added
Post by Californian on Oct 25, 2018 18:53:53 GMT -5
Looking at the images side-by-side, it is doubtful that the image dated 1863 is really Kintpuash (Captain Jack) - note the shape of the brows, nose and most importantly the mouth which on the authenticated image is far wider. To me this alleged earlier photo of Kintpuash is most likely someone else. Over the years in my research I have come across numerous incorrect attributions of photographs of historical persons that ended up getting published and then were unscrupulously perpetuated in later publications using the earlier one as reference and considering it historical fact. Serious historians ought to be careful making too quick assertions without due research and verifying proper source references. Now this questionable image of Kintpuash is depicted on the Wikipedia page (Captain Jack) and I fear yet again it will end up in future publications as the "real" thing. Same happened with Morning Star a.k.a. Dull Knife of the Northern Cheyenne, a subject that is being discussed on another page of this forum.
I think the shirt and boots are surely not traditional.
Does Cheewa James comment on how authentic the portrait of Captain Jack is, Cinemo? And have you read her book and recommend it?
In my archive I found this other photo of Captain Jack, but you probably already know.
this image, despite its caption, is not Captain Jack of the Modoc - just look at the shape/size of the lips - the authenticated image of Kintpuash shows his with a wide mouth and thin lips, this chap has full lips - someone at the period tried to make a fast buck sporting just anyone and billing that one as Captain Jack (my opinion )
Hello Californian, thanks for your input here. I too was interested in the subject, the two photos and wether the one in more traditional dress is Capt. Jack / Kintpuash the Modoc or not. I´m not sure either completely, but there is a close similarity I thought and there are about ten years in between when the photos were shot. Concerning the third photo in your last post, this is to my information showing the Ute warrior Jack / Nicaagat, not the Modoc chief. Best from Germany chicheman
Post by Californian on Nov 8, 2018 10:53:15 GMT -5
hi Chicheman, thank you very kindly for your interesting comments and deductions. It seems that the contemporary Modoc nation is painfully aware of this mixing of two persons with the same name but from different tribes as is being discussed on this site: modoc-nation.blogspot.com/2016/11/you-dont-know-jack.html. I don't think that Jack of the Ute nation is the same person depicted in the below image widely used in print media and the net as depicting Kintpuash of the Modoc. Hopefully in due time his true identity can be determined. Sadly even the Gene Autry Museum in Los Angeles feature this particular image as Capt Jack the Modoc which author Robert McNally of the recent “The Modoc War – A Story of Genocide at the Dawn of America’s Gilded Age” has used. I fear that now it is in an authoritative printed book this misattribution will end up getting endlessly perpetuated. Greetings from Santa Fe, New Mexico Californian