Some details on the Oglala delegates: (names are highlighted in bold letters)
"Red Cloud" and His Retainers at the Capital. The morning papers noted the arrival at Washington late yesterday of "Red Cloud" and his companions. The following are the eupho nious Indian names of the party, with their English rendering: - Makh-pi-ai-lu-tah, alias Red Cloud; Shun-kah-lu-tah, alias Red Dog; Mon tah-o-he-te-kah, alias Brave Bear; Pah-gee, alias Little Bear; Mon-ta-zia, alias Yellow Bear; Makh-to-u-tah-kah, alias Sitting Bear; Makh-to ha-she-nah, alias Bear Skin; Sha-ton-sa-pah, alias Black Hawk; Shunk-mon-e-too-ha-ka, alias Long Wolf; Me-wa-kohn, alias Sword : Ko-te-pah, alias Afraid ; Ke-cha-ksa-e-un tah, alias The One That Runs Through; Ke-ya-lu-tah, alias Red Fly ; En-ha-ma-to, alias Rock Bear; Mena-to-no-ou- jah, alias Living Bear; Ock-le-he-lu-tah, alias Red Shirt. Of the female Sioux, there were only four representatives, as follows: Dah-sa-no-we, alias The White Cow Rattler, wife of Sword; Wa-ge-uh-ha, alias Thunder Skin, wife of The One That Runs Through ; E-da-zit-chu, alias Sans Arc Woman (the Woman Without a Bow), wife of Yellow Bear; Ma-ko-cha-wy-un-tah-ker, alias the World Looker, wife of Black Hawk. Red Cloud is now, and has been for more than twenty years, the Head Chief of the Sioux Nation. He (as are all the others) is of the Ogalalla tribe, and has a remarkable history. He is fifty-three years old, and has been engaged in eighty seven battles, in which he has received a great many wounds, none of them, however, of very serious nature. These battles have been with the Pawnees, Snakes, Black Feets, Utes, Crows, and Omahas. In a battle which occurred thirty-three years ago, when he was one of the youngest of the braves, he was engaged with a party of 125 warriors of his tribe, only 25 of whom escaped death. He was wounded twice, and so distinguished him- self for bravery that he was made a chief, as a reward for his gallantry and prowess. From that time he rapidly rose in rank, until he obtained the eminent position which be holds to-day. He is looked upon by his people as one of the greatest warriors that ever wielded the death-dealing tomahawk, while in the councils his sagacity and eloquence have gained for him not only the admiration and respect, but the implicit obedience, of all his subjects. Red Dog is the next chief in rank to Red Cloud, and one who presents a much more striking appearance at first sight. He, too, has distinguished himself in many battles, and wields a powerful influence among his tribe. Red Shirt is the head Chief of the White Sash band, con- sisting of 300 braves. He is twenty seven years old, has been wounded twice in battle, and is said to be one of the most daring of his fellows. Long Wolf is also a chief of the same band, and carries three or four ugly-looking scars as tokens of his prowess. Black Hawk is also a prominent chief, whose record as a brave warrior is second to none of his companions, except the great Red Cloud. He has been wounded in battle three times. The above are the most prominent of the chiefs. All of them, however, have made their mark in the unwritten wars of the savages, and have, by deeds at which most white men would shrisk from in terror, earned the honors which that nation has conferred upon them. John Richard, whose name has been connected with most of the Indian outrages for the past few months, and who has been termed the "renegade half-breed," is with the party. He is well known in Omaha, having resided there for several months, something more than a year ago. He is twenty-seven years of age, and is only one- quarter Indian blood. It is claimed that he is entirely guiltless of the charges which have been made against him, and it is through his influence that the Red Cloud and his followers were in- duced to enter upon the mission of peace to the National Capital. Richard is looked upon by the Indians as an ex- traordinary man, and his influence among them, for good or evil, is conceded to be second only to that of their Chief. He has been outlawed eight months, and now goes under protection of his tribe to the seat of government. What will be done in his case will be developed at the close of the coming conference. He is charged with the murder of a corporal about eight months ago. He is a man of considerable intelligence, speaking the Sioux lan- guage with great fluency, and has more than an ordinary common school education.
[The evening telegraph (Philadelphia), June 02, 1870]
Post by kingsleybray on May 10, 2017 16:28:33 GMT -5
yes, Dietmar, it is the same Grass who signed the 1868 treaty and was photographed there by Gardner -- thanks for the nice cropped detail. He was wounded by troops in an altercation at Platte Bridge in 1864. He was photographed much later with Little Wound and Big Road. At Pine Ridge he seems to have regularly served as one of the tribal heralds or criers (eyapaha). He settled in Porcupine District.
At a meeting with Secretary of the Interior Cox at the Indian Office in Washington on June 8. 1870, Little Bear aka Grass made a short speech:
"After Red Cloud concluded, Little Bear made a short speech complaining of bad treatment by soldiers and others while he was engaged in farming operations. Several of his young men, he said, were shot while out hunting, and that ended his corn raising. He reiterated the main features and complaints of Red Cloud´s speech." [New York Tribune, June 8., 1870]
In other articles his name seems to had been (incorrectly) translated as "Bear-in-the-Grass".
Btw, Brave Bear, another 1870 Oglala delegate, according to his own statement in the newspapers was seventy-five years of age in 1870, and so possibly the eldest Lakota of the whole trip.
Here we have another list of the 1870 Oglala delegates: The New York Herald wrote on June 19., 1870, that Red Cloud and his following arrived in New York City and stayed at the St. Nicholas Hotel.
“The entire suite once at the St. Nicholas Hotel, General Smith walked up to the hotel register and wrote their names in a large bold hand, as follows:-
General John E. Smith, U.S.A. Mr. Douglass R.G. Beauvais W.G. Bullock John Richard J. McClusky, interpreter Red Cloud Red Dog Brave Bear Little Bear Yellow Bear Sitting Bear Bear Skin Black Hawk Tall Wolf Long Wolf Sword Brave Afraid Red Fly Rock Bear He Crow Living Bear Red Shirt Four Squaws.” [The New York Herald, June 15, 1870, Page 7]
Note that Tall Wolf – as mentioned earlier in this thread – is better known as High Wolf. He Crow hasn´t been mentioned before as a member of the delegation.