Post by kingsleybray on Feb 27, 2012 17:42:55 GMT -5
Dietmar, the caption to the photo on the NSHS website reads as follows:
"This shows the delegation of Lakota men sent to Washington from the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota. Pictured are: Standing Sword, [? error for Standing Soldier] Singing Bear, Two Feathers, [is Little Hawk?] Pretty Back (?), White Bird, Little Chief, Captain George Sword, Young Man Afraid of HIs Horses, [didn't go on delegation] Feather, Charging Shield, Three Stars No Fraid [? is No Flesh?]
Cf the list of 1888 Pine Ridge delegates and there is certainly overlap:
Pine Ridge Agency Delegation Fourth Row L-R: 43. Dog Back - Oglala 44. 1st Lt. Standing Soldier - Oglala (Indian Police) 45. Yellow Bear - Oglala 46. Little Hawk - Oglala 47. Little Wound - Oglala 48. Little Chief - Northern Cheyenne 49. Pretty Lance (aka Good Lance) 50. Standing Elk - Northern Cheyenne 51. Fast Thunder - Oglala 52. No Flesh - Oglala 53. American Horse - Oglala 54. Capt. George Sword - Oglala (Indian Police) 55. Plenty Bears - Oglala 56. Benjamin Rowland (Cheyenne Interpreter) 57. Philip Wells (Oglala Interpreter) 58. Col. H. D. Gallagher (Agent at Pine Ridge)
somehow I missed reading the information at the NSHS page.
Well, I believe (though the faces are very hard to discern) that the man in suit standing far right could be William T. Selwyn. Young-Man-Afraid seems to be wearing the same outfit as in the picture we recently posted in the "Young-Man-Afraid"-thread with Selwyn and Two Strike. In this photo you can also make out in the background the tent you see in the delegation picture. I assume both pictures were taken on the same occasion.
Last Edit: Feb 28, 2012 11:22:34 GMT -5 by Dietmar
Post by kingsleybray on Feb 28, 2012 17:06:49 GMT -5
Yes, grahamew, I just amended my own post above - the person Dietmar suggests is Little Hawk is third from left and corresponds to the caption's Two Feathers.
I can certainly see that Selwyn is standing far right.
I think we could say that the men holding pipes and/or pipe bags represent key constituencies at Pine Ridge - Little Hawk the Hunkpatila band and possibly the wider Oglala proper or 'head band'; Little Chief the Cheyennes; Charging Shield the Wazhazha band; Three Stars the Southern Oglalas or Kiyaksa band.
It's funny - I've just been reading in French the 1802 account by Perrin du Lac of the Indians of the Upper Missouri. The Indian material is actually lifted from J-B Truteau, a trader who spent 1794-96 with the Lakotas, Arikaras and Cheyennes. He has a fascinating account of how the tribes make peace with each other, including the preparation of a delegation to visit another tribe and propose peace. The "embassy" is given a prepared speech, and strict instructions of what to say and do. This speech was given, and a pipe presented to the delegation by "the most notable leader present".
I was immediately reminded of a delegation going to Washington, and I can't help think that Young Man Afraid of His Horse is here acting in the role of "the most notable leader", seeing off the delegation on its delicate mission. The 1888 delegates were instructed to block US proposals to break up the Great Sioux Reservation. YMAf is dressed for the occasion in ceremonial shirt and headdress that underline his status in the tribe. I have been in touch with a few material culture specialists about the outfit YMAf wears (in the picture with Two Strike and Selwyn), and there seems a possibility that the headdress and even the shirt are old styles for 1888 - and may represent heirloooms reflecting his and his father's pre-eminent status in the Oglala tribe.
I´m still not convinced that this was the delegation that would go to Washington in 1888. Too many individuals that didn´t went on the trip. Perhaps the photo was taken on an occasion where the delegates were selected.