Post by kingsleybray on Jun 11, 2019 11:10:29 GMT -5
New traditional evidence helps us flesh out the sparse documentary record.
The Metal Hair Ornaments band formed in c. 1720, acknowledging the leadership of a chief named Buffalo Horn Spoon. His family descends down to the Crow Feather dynasty of Sans Arc chiefs in the 19th century. That dynasty was identified with the Bull Dung (Tatanka Cesli) band, which was closely connected to the Metal Hair Ornaments. The two bands camped next to each other in the Sans Arc tribal circle. Their antecedents, under different names, had a long history at the core of the Titonwan people.
In the 1850s and 60s the leadership of the Metal Hair Ornaments band focussed on its chief (itancan), Dog Grass, and its Decider (Wakicunze), Red Tail Eagle (Wambli Pehin Luta; nicknamed Burnt Face). Both men were among the Sans Arc chiefs recognized by Gen. Harney in 1856. Red Tail Eagle was a Washington delegate in both 1851-52 and 1870. Among the prominent warriors who served the band (and the wider Sans Arc tribe) as akicita police was Yellow Thunder the elder. His son and namesake was noted as prominent in the Metal Hair Ornaments in the 1870s-80s, and on through the early reservation period.
Dog Grass (along with Crow Feather I, Big Head, and Yellow Hawk) was chosen by the chiefs' council to serve as one of four Sans Arc Wicasa Itancan in 1858. Dog Grass disappears from the documentary record after 1865, so far as I'm aware. Red Tail Eagle led a 'friendly' sub-group of Metal Hair Ornaments who settled on the Reservation after the Treaty of 1868. He led in encouraging farming activities at Cheyenne River Agency. He was one of the headmen (the others were mostly Two Kettle) who chose to remove to Rosebud Agency in 1879. He must have died there in the early 1880s.
Like the Sans Arcs in general, the Metal Hair Ornaments lost numbers across the generation c. 1865-90. Many people ended up staying at the southernmost Lakota agencies, Pine Ridge and Rosebud, after the surrenders following the Great Sioux War. We saw how one Sans Arc group, focussed on Metal Hair Ornaments, people, surrendered at Spotted Tail Agency in December 1876. They were augmented by Red Tail Eagle's people three years later. Nevertheless there is a growing consciousness among Lakota people of their deep historic backgrounds, and the distinctive histories of their tiyospaye . Certain individuals are well aware of their heritage as members of, and descendants from the Mazpegnake people.